Individual Differences

Productive writers are usually defined in terms of the number of their publications relative to others. Such writers vary a great deal in how they write, but research suggests that the following factors are important:

• gender (men generally publish more than women, particularly in the sciences - but women are catching up);

• age (productivity rises relatively quickly to a career maximum in the early forties, and then personality

— motivation

— collaboration

— persistence

— opportunism gradually declines, but there are individual and disciplinary differences; see Figure 4.8.1); and

(productive writers are highly motivated); (productive writers have regular work habits: they write something nearly everyday); (productive writers collaborate more, especially in the sciences);

(productive writers keep at it, and revise and resubmit rejected papers);

(productive writers seize opportunities).

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