Sentence Combining

Combine the sentences in each group to make one sentence. There may be more than one possible correct way to combine each group. 2. Then write your new sentences in paragraph form. Do not number the sentences, and do not write them in a list. Write them as a paragraph. 1. a. I am a figure, b. I am famous. 3. a. I always wear a suit, b. The suit is red. 5. a. Every year I take a trip. c. I do this on a special night. 6. a. I travel in a sleigh.1 b. The sleigh is magic. 7. a. The sleigh doesn't...

Ideas

Begin it with a sentence that describes your Write the First family (or a family member) in general. For example, My grandfather is old Draft in years but young in spirit, or My family is small and close, or My brother is the irresponsible one in our family. Then write ten to fifteen sentences about your family or family member. If you wish, end your paragraph with a sentence or two that tell how you feel about your family or family member. For example, We may...

Grammar and Mechanics

In this section, you will learn about two kinds of words that are very useful in writing descriptions. They are adjectives and prepositions. Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. Adjectives tell what things (or people) look like, what kind they are, or how many of them there are. Adjectives answer the questions what kind which one and how many what kind the ojd car with the broken window which one the fourth chapter of the book Here are some things you should know about adjectives. 1....

PART The Writing Process

In this section, you will write a paragraph about a place in your home country. First, answer these questions to see if you have learned the main points of Unit 5. What three transition signals introduce examples What is an independent clause A dependent clause What are subordinating conjunctions What is a complex sentence How do you punctuate a complex sentence What is a sentence fragment, and how can you correct one What four new comma rules did you learn What two new capitalization rules did...

Info

Turn back to the practice on clauses on page 150. Write complex sentences by combining independent clauses with dependent clauses as follows. Let's summarize what you have learned about the three kinds of sentences. A simple sentence has one independent clause. It was a sunny day. A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction. It was a sunny day, so we went to the beach. A complex sentence has one independent and one or more...

Business letter

Then edit your letter with a partner, using the checklist on the next page. In your first sentence, tell why you are writing. In your second sentence, state your opinion. Sincerely, (or) Sincerely yours, Very truly yours, Respectfully, (or) Respectfully yours, In the supporting sentences, write your reasons. Support your reasons with specific details. (You may use facts from the newspaper story, and you may use information from your own knowledge and experience.)...

Letter From Heather To Her Friend Stacie

I0o Titles of books, magazines, newspapers, movies, and TV series also the titles of your own paragraphs Of Mice and Men National Geographic The New York Times Raiders of the Lost Ark Wheel of Fortune How to Tune a Car's Engine note 1 Do not capitalize all the words in titles. Capitalize only the first, last, and the important words. Articles a, an, the , conjunctions and, but, or , and short prepositions to, from, at, in, of are not capitalized. note 2 Underline titles of books, magazines,...

Commas Four More

Rules ar' aVe earnec t-hese f ur comma rules 1. After introductory transition signals any transition word or phrase in front of the subject of the first independent clause First, carry out the empty bottles and cans. From my window, 1 have a beautiful view. After lunch, my grandfather takes a nap. For example, some teachers give pop quizzes. In our class there are students from Mexico, Japan, Vietnam, Iran, China, and Guatemala. After the first part of a compound sentence Cook the rice over low...

Directions to Your House

Then work with a partner, and edit each other's writing. 1. Write directions to your house from school. 2. Follow the same prewriting steps that you followed when you wrote about how to clean your house after a party. Brainstorm a list of all the steps in your instructions. Review the brainstorming list. Cross out repeated and irrelevant ideas. Put the list into order by time. Add a tide and this topic sentence Here is how to get to my house from school. Your outline should...

Being Specific

Rewriting Long Paragraphs

Choose one person to be the secretary. 2. Rewrite the paragraph below to make the details more specific. Don't change the first sentence. Rewrite the other sentences, and write at least ten new sentences to add more details. 3. Check your paragraph against the Paragraph Checklist on page 78 . The limousine was quite luxurious. It was big. The outside was nice. The inside was nice. It had nice seats. It had an entertainment center. It also had food and beverages. Our ride was fun. The...

The Writing Process

In this section, you will write a paragraph about your family. First, answer these questions to see if you have learned the main points of Unit 1. What does a paragraph look like What is a title, and where do you write it What should you do when a word is too long to fit at the end of a line What is a subject What is a verb What are the three punctuation marks that you can use at the end of a sentence When do you use each of them What are five rules for capitalizing words in English What are...

Draft

Write a paragraph describing a favorite picture or photograph. Bring the picture to show the teacher. 2. Write one or more paragraphs of description based on one of the five Practice items on pages 75-76. Be sure to use space order to organize the specific details. Add more details if you wish. 3. Write a short paragraph describing a common object such as a pencil, a wristwatch, or a banana. Don't tell what it does. Just describe what it looks like. Don't use the name of the object in your...

M Sentence Structure

In Units 1-4, you learned about simple and compound sentences. A third kind of English sentence is a complex sentence. Before we study these, let's learn about clauses. A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. There are two kinds of clauses in English independent clauses and dependent clauses. An independent clause has one SV combination and expresses a complete thought. It can be a sentence by itself. A simple sentence is an independent clause. We finished our homework...

Stating Reasons an Using Examples

Reasons For Using

Transition Signals with Reasons and Examples 9 Independen t and Dependen t Clauses Capitalization Two More Rules 9 Personal Letter Form Preivriting In this unit, you will write another listing-order paragraph and use reasons and specific examples to prove your points. Use whichever prewriting method works best for you to do the following activity. 1. If you could go anywhere in the world, where would you like to go on your next vacation Choose a place that everyone in your group knows well. It...

Organization

In this unit, you will learn to give reasons and use examples to support your reasons. Read the model paragraph below. Then answer the questions. Costa Rica is a great place to spend a vacation for two reasons. First of all, Costa Rica has an excellent system of national parks where visitors can observe nature. For example, in Tortuguero National Park, visitors can watch sea turtles come ashore1 to lay their eggs in the sand. Then they can come back several months later to see the new babies...

Contents

viii unit i Introducing Prewriting Taking Paragraph Model Paragraph My Writing Practice 1 Introducing a The Writing Process An What Is a Subjects and End-of-Sentence Capitalization Five Writing Practice 2 Introducing Simple Connecting Words and, Sentence Writing Practice 3 Sentence Combining Who Am I 23 Review Writing Practice 4 Introducing Your Additional unit 2 Writing Prewriting Time-Order Model Paragraph How to Have a Successful Garage Sale 34 Planning a Paragraph Model Outline Time Order...

Sentence Structure

Earlier, you learned that a sentence is a group of words that contains at least one subject and one verb and expresses a complete thought. Now you will begin to learn about the different kinds of sentences in English. There are four basic kinds of sentences in English simple sentences, compound sentences, complex sentences, and compound-complex sentences. A simple sentence is a sentence that has one subject-verb combination. The subject in a simple sentence may be compound My brother and I are...

Expressing an Opinion

Work first by yourself, and then edit your paragraph with a partner. Choose one of the topics from the practice on pages 179-180 and write a paragraph about it. Use the paragraph on page 176 as a model. step i Use the ideas you have already written down on pages 179-180, but add to Prewrite to Get them. Brainstorm for more reasons and details. Use the freewriting, listing, Ideas or clustering techniques to brainstorm. step 2 Make an outline like the one on page 177. Your outline should include...

Describing

Picture Describing Prepositions

Prepositional Phrases in Space and Time Order Position of Prepositional Phrases In this unit, you will write descriptions. Descriptions are word pictures. You tell how something looks, feels, smells, tastes, and sounds. You need to become a sharp observer and notice many small details so that you can write a good word picture. 1. Discuss each picture on the next pages with your partner or group. What kind of person do you think lives or works in each place 2. What clues in each picture led you...

Sentence Structure and Grammar

Adjective Clauses with who, which, and that In Unit 5, you studied dependent clauses beginning with words such as because, when, after, and before. These clauses are adverb clauses because they act like adverbs. That is, they modify a verb. There is another kind of dependent clause that begins with words such as who, which, and that. These are adjective clauses because they act like adjectives. That is, they modify nouns. In the following sentences, the adjective clause is underlined with a...

Three Rules them

Put a comma after time-order transition expressions except then . First, put four cups of rice into a pan. After that, fold the paper in half again. Before an earthquake, collect emergency supplies. 2. Use a comma after the first part of a compound sentence. Children can chew gum, and babies can suck on a bottle or a pacifier. You can swallow hard, or you can yawn several times. Cook the steak over high heat for six minutes, but don't let it burn. exception This comma may be omitted in very...

Space Order

Read the model paragraph, and decide which space order it uses from the list on the previous page. 2. Look at the paragraphs on pages 80 and 82, and tell which space order they use. The Shared Refrigerator My roommate and I share a refrigerator. My roommate's half of our refrigerator is very neat. On the top shelf is a carton of milk, a pitcher of orange juice, and a bottle of mineral water. These are arranged in a straight line on the shelf. On the next shelf are cans of soda. These are...

Expressing Your Opinion

Sentence Fragments

Transition Signals for Opinions Adjective Clauses with who, which, and that Sentence Fragments continued Punctuating Adjective Clauses Business Letter Form the writing process Preivriting In everyday life, people have opinions and talk about them. Should abortion be legal or illegal Are you for or against the death penalty At what age should a person be allowed to buy and drink alcohol or cigarettes Should smoking be allowed in public places These are issues which people talk about and say...

Mechanics

A business letter is any letter that is not personal that is, it is a letter you write to anyone except your family and friends. Business letters in English have a special form. Study the model and notice the location, spacing, capitalization, and punctuation of the different parts. 225 Water Street Boston, MA 12356 December 15, 199_ Mr. Darnel Perotti Perotti Imports 666 Knoll Lane Denver, CO 30303 I am writing Thank you very much for your time and attention. Very truly yours, skip 4 lines j ....

Introducing People

1. __My new classmate from Brazil. _ 2. __He speaks three languages fluently. _ 5. __He wants to start his own business. _ 7. __Enjoys many sports, especially soccer. _ 11. __Because they are new students. _ Subjects and Every sentence must have at least one subject and one verb in order to be Yerbs a sentence. Some sentences must have other parts in order to express a complete thought. The man bought is not a sentence because it does not express a complete thought. We need to know what he...

First Steps in Academic Writing

91 Writing Practice 4 Describing a Place 92 100 The Three Parts of a Paragraph 102 Model Paragraph Listing Order Goldfish 103 Listing-Order Transition Signals 112 Model Detailed Paragraph Outline 116 Writing Practice 1 The Best Pet 118 Review of Simple and Compound Fixing Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences 122 Writing Practice 2 Sentence Combining The Weaker Sex 123 Formation of Writing Practice 3 Describing with Adjectives and Adverbs--------130 Writing Practice 4 An Ideal Person 131 unit 5...

Tragic Mistakeor Murder

Japanese exchange student approaches the wrong house shot to death. The Halloween decorations a paper skeleton and a plastic ghost are still outside of Rodney Peairs's neat brick house in Central, Louisiana. A red bloodstain is still on the floor of the carport. The decorations are the reason a sixteen-year-old lapanese exchange student, Yoshiro Hattori, approached the house. The bloodstain is the result. Hattori was an exchange student. He had been in the United States for three months. He...

Instructions

Garage Sale Pricing Guidelines

Time-Order Transition Signals Capitalization Five More Rules Brainstorming is another method for getting ideas. When you brainstorm, you quickly make a list of every word, every phrase, every idea that comes into your mind about your topic. Write every thought down. Don't worry if it is correct or not. Your goal is to list as much as possible as quickly as possible. Brainstorming is different from freewriting. In freewriting, you write words, phrases, and whole sentences across the paper...

Listing Characteristics

After the discussion, choose one animal. Your choice maybe serious or humorous. In the space below, freewrite, brainstorm, or cluster to develop your ideas. 3. Finally, complete the outline. In the blanks for characteristics, use either all adjectives or all nouns. A paragraph has three main parts. The first part is the topic sentence. It is called the topic sentence because it tells the topic or main idea of the paragraph. The second main part is the supporting sentences. The supporting...

Introducing Yourself

Practice what you have learned about paragraph form, putting periods at the end of sentences, and capitalization. Use the same four steps in writing this paragraph that you used in writing the paragraph about your classmate take notes, write the first draft, edit it, and write the final draft to hand in. Write a brief answer to each question on the line provided. These are the notes you will use to write full sentences in the next step. What is your complete...