Describing

ORGANIZATION

• Space-Order Paragraphs

• Specific Details

GRAMMAR AND MECHANICS

• Adjectives

• Prepositions

• Prepositional Phrases

SENTENCE STRUCTURE

• Prepositional Phrases in Space and Time Order

• Position of Prepositional Phrases

THE WRITING PROCESS

• Clustering

Prewriting: Descriptive Details

In this unit, you will write descriptions. Descriptions are "word pictures." You tell how something looks, feels, smells, tastes, and sounds. You need to become a sharp observer and notice many small details so that you can write a good word picture.

activity

Looking for Descriptive Details

Work with a partner or small group.

1. Discuss each picture on the next pages with your partner or group. What kind of person do you think lives or works in each place?

2. What clues in each picture led you to your choice? Make a list of the clues next to each picture.

Prepositions Place
Picture Describing Prepositions
2. Clues:

Name of room: Kind of person:

Prepositions Room

GHOWA^

PARTEI

EJ Organization

Descriptions In this unit, you will learn to write good descriptions. When you write a description of a person, you. tell what he or she looks like. When you describe a place, you tell what it looks like. If you describe a scene with people, you might first describe the place, and then you might also tell what is happening and what the people are doing.

There are two keys to writing good descriptions. The first key is to use space order, and the second key is to use specific details.

Space-Order Paragraphs

Just as you put the sentences in a time-order paragraph in a certain order, you must also put the sentences in a description in a certain order. Instead of using time order, however, you will use space order. In space order, you might describe something from top to bottom or from left to right. For example, when you describe a person, you could start with the person's head and end with the person's feet. You could describe a room from left to right or from right to left.

You might describe your classroom like this: Imagine that you are standing in the doorway. Write about each part of the room in order, moving from the left side of the room around to the right side and ending at the doorway again. When you describe a certain view, you might describe faraway objects first and close-up objects last. These are all ways to use space to put the sentences in a description into meaningful order.

top to bottom right to left far to near outside to inside bottom to top left to right near to far inside to outside model paragraph

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