PART The Writing Process

In this section, you will write a paragraph about a place in your home country. First, answer these questions to see if you have learned the main points of Unit 5.

review questions

1. Organization

• What three transition signals introduce examples?

• How are they punctuated?

2. Sentence Structure

• What is an independent clause? A dependent clause?

• What are subordinating conjunctions?

• What is a complex sentence?

• How do you punctuate a complex sentence?

• What is a sentence fragment, and how can you correct one?

3. Grammar and Mechanics

• What four new comma rules did you learn?

• What two new capitalization rules did you learn?

• What is the form for a personal letter?

HK^l Using Reasons and Examples

Work by yourself.

Pretend that you work for a travel agency. Write a paragraph advertising your hometown, your country's capital city, or your entire country as a great place for a vacation. Give two or three reasons why a tourist would enjoy visiting there. Give specific examples for your reasons. Use the paragraph on page 138 as a model.

First, brainstorm together with a classmate or a group of classmates from your country to get ideas. Then work alone to develop an outline and to write the first draft. Finally, edit your paragraph with a classmate.

step i: Get ideas by freewriting, brainstorming, or clustering. Try to find one to four

Prewrite to Get reasons and at least one specific example for each reason.

Ideas step 2: Then make an outline for your paragraph. Your oudine should include a

Outline to topic sentence, two to four main points, at least one specific example for

Organize the Ideas each point, and a concluding sentence. It should be similar to the outline on page 139.

step 3: Write the first draft. Be sure to use transition signals.

Write the First

Draft step 4: Edit your paragraph with a partner as you have done in previous units. Use

Edit the First Draft the Paragraph Checklist below.

step 5: Write a neat final draft to hand in to your teacher.

Write the Final

Draft paragraph checklist form

^ Check the paragraph form. (Does the paragraph look like the model on page 4?)


P" Does the paragraph begin with a topic sentence and end with a concluding sentence?

Q (H Does the paragraph contain at least two main reasons and at least one specific example for each reason?

Do transition signals introduce the reasons and examples?

Does the paragraph have unity? (no irrelevant sentences)

additional writing paragraph checklist grammar and mechanics

Check for capital letters. Check the spelling. Check the commas.

Is there a period at the end of all the sentences?

sentence structure

Check the sentences. Do they have at least one subject and one verb, and do they express a complete thought?

Does the paragraph contain simple, compound, and complex sentences?

Check for comma splices, run-ons, and fragments.

1. A friend has written you a letter asking your advice about which school to attend. Write a letter to your friend recommending a school. Why is it a good school? What are the reasons he or she should attend it? Some factors to consider are:

size of the classes quality of the teaching convenient location friendliness of the teachers beauty of the campus friendliness of the students facilities (laboratories, gymnasiums, etc.)

Be sure to give some specific examples to support your reasons.

2. Write a review of a good restaurant in your area that serves food from your country. Use reasons and examples for support.

First, make an outline like the one on page 139. In your outline, list at least three reasons the restaurant is excellent. Here are some factors to consider:

quality of food service size of portions decor (furniture, decorations, lighting, etc.)

price variety of choices on the menu cleanliness

Include at least one example for each reason.

3. Write about a horrible restaurant in your area. Your paragraph may be serious or humorous.

4. A friend has asked you what kind of car to buy. Make a recommendation, and give reasons for your recommendation. Support your reasons with examples.

5. Write a paragraph about what you have learned in Unit 5.


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