PART The Writing Process

In this section, you will write a paragraph giving instructions how to do or make something. First, answer these questions to see if you have learned the main points of Unit 2.


I. Organization

• What are the two keys to writing clear instructions?

• What are some time-order transition signals?

2. Sentence Structure

• What is a compound sentence, and how is one punctuated?

• What are the meanings of and, but, or, and so in a compound sentence?

• What is a comma splice? What are two ways to correct a comma splice?

3. Grammar and Mechanics

• What are the five capitalization rules in Unit 2?

• What are the three comma rules in Unit 2?

Work by yourself.

1. Choose one of the topics below and write a paragraph about it.

2. Follow the same prewriting steps that you followed when you wrote about how to clean up your house after a party.


How to prepare for an earthquake How to teach someone to swim How to play any game How to bargain in your country How to make__How to buy a used car

How to live on a small budget How to clean a house efficiently How to beat someone at_

How to put a crying baby to sleep How to have a safe vacation How to get a driver's license


Prewrite to Get Ideas


Outline to Organize the Ideas


Write the First Draft

(tennis, golf, chess, poker, etc.) How to quit smoking How to meet people in a new place How to impress a boy/girl on a first

How to prepare for a job interview

• Brainstorm a list of all the steps in your instructions.

• Review your brainstorming list. Cross out repeated and irrelevant ideas.

• Add a title and a topic sentence. Use this as your topic sentence:

It's easy to_if you follow these simple instructions.

(Your outline should look like the model on page 38.)

• Write the paragraph. Begin with your topic sentence, and add some time-order transition signals. Make your paragraph look like the model on page 34.

• Use time order in your paragraph. Also, practice the capitalization rules. Include some names of streets, businesses, and buildings.

How to wrap and decorate a gift How to get an A in a class date

How to get an F in a class


Edit the First Draft

Edit your paragraph with a partner as you have done before. Use the Paragraph Checklist on the next page.



Check the paragraph form. (Does the paragraph look like the model on page 4?)


□ □ Does the paragraph begin with a topic sentence?

□ □ Are there time-order transition signals?


Is there a period at the end of all the sentences?


Check the sentences. Do they have at least one subject and one verb, and express a complete thought?

Does the paragraph contain both simple and compound sentences?

Check for comma splices.


Write the Final Draft

Write a neat final draft of your paragraph to hand in to your teachcr.

additional writing

1. Write a paragraph in which you explain how to make an outline. Refer to the outline in the box at the bottom of page 39. Use time order.

2. Write a paragraph in which you describe your morning or your evening routine. Use time order. Begin as follows:

My morning routine never varies. First, I get up at...

OR When I get home from school (work) at night, I follow the same routine. First, I ...

3. Write about a dramatic event in your life. This could be a bad experience such as a traffic accident or a happy experience such as the birth of a child. Use time order. Begin as follows:

I'll never forget the day (my daughter was born, we left our home forever, I was in a car accident, I broke my leg, etc.).

4. Write a paragraph about what you have learned in Unit 2.

The Process Academic Writing


Film Making

Film Making

If you have ever wanted the secrets to making your own film, here it is: Indy Film Insider Tips And Basics To Film Making. Have you ever wanted to make your own film? Is there a story you want to tell? You might even think that this is impossible. Studios make films, not the little guy. This is probably what you tell yourself. Do you watch films with more than a casual eye? You probably want to know how they were able to get perfect lighting in your favorite scene, or how to write a professional screenplay.

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