Objectivity

In the academic community, the way in which you search for truth is supposed to be impartial and objective, with some very clear exceptions within the humanities and fine arts. For many disciplines, however, when you perform experiments and do research, you attempt to remove yourself from the situation as much as possible and attempt to demonstrate that the results of your work are objectively true; that is, that the results you are reporting are not a figment of your imagination and personal bias and that anybody else doing this work would find the same results. In science, the best experiments are replicable (repeatable) by other scientists; the social sciences generally try to follow suit. This point is important to you as a writer because it means that it's advisable, whenever possible, to mention how you got your results (by objective methods, of course). If you want to persuade members of these more or less objective communities to believe you, it's even preferable to use a deliberately objective tone (passive constructions, no first-person pronouns) and quantitative detail (statistics, graphs) in your writing.

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