Excerpt B

People argue a lot nowadays abou whether or not works of art from one country should be sold to another, don't think they should be. If they are then the people in the country of origir lose out on the chance to see stuff tha really belongs to them. This just isn' right. It's a problem, too, when you ses works of art in the wrong place. I mean the Parthenon friezes look boring th< way they show them in the Britisl Museum. That's just not where the; belong. But if you could see them oi the Parthenon, they'd look great...

Beginning and ending /'' discursive essays

In the first paragraph, you should state the topic and/or your opinion, and you may include one or more of the following techniques.

• Make reference to an unusual or striking idea/scene/situation e.g. Imagine millions of people coming home from school or work every day to sit staring at a wall for four hours.

• Address the reader directly e.g. You may think this is an exaggeration. and/or ask a rhetorical question. e.g. Have you ever wondered what the world would be like without cars?

• Start with a quotation or-thought-provoking statement, e.g. "Television is an invention that permits you to be entertained in your living room by people you wouldn't have in your home." David Frost once said.

In the last paragraph, you should state your opinion and/or give a balanced consideration of the topic, and you may include one or more of the following techniques.

• Finish with a quotation

• Ask a rhetorical question

• Give the reader something to consider e.g. Perhaps then people will rediscover what It is like to actually communicate with each other.


5 Match the following beginnings and endings. Then, say which technique has been used beginninds in each.

■ 1 You may live in a comfortable house in a clean neighbour-f hood with all the amenities. You would probably not be so ! lucky in one of the cities where urban growth has been

• allowed to get completely out of control. This problem is virtually destroying a number of large cities, particularly in

• developing countries, and a solution must be found before ; it is too late.

; 2 "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" is the biblical phrase ' we use to refer to capital punishment, the killing of criminals in order to punish them for their crimes. But whether the neat balance suggested by the phrase is reflected by the actual practice is a moot point, and whether one human has the right to kill another in any circumstances remains a much-debated question.

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