3 Queen Elizabeth to Open New Hospital Wing _ ' ^
4 Towards a Healthier Lifestyle
5 Genetic Engineering - A Curse or a Blessing?
| 6 Breathtaking Barbados
Bank Robbery Hero Rewarded
1 DO You will hear four extracts from articles. Read the titles, then listen to the cassette and match the extracts (A-D) with the titles (1-4). Which article describes a city? Which article describes a person? Which articles involve argumentative techniques?
1 Jewel of a City
2 Discipline Dilemma
3 Talent without Conceit
4 Space Waste?
Articles are pieces of writing for publication in a variety of forms, covering a wide range of possible subjects. They may be intended for the general public, or a specific group of readers (e.g. an article In your college newspaper for fellow students). Types of articles include those printed in:
• magazines, newspapers and newsletters, presenting an opinion or balanced argument concerning social/environmental issues, descnb ing a ptace/event/expenence, etc, providing information, offering practical advice, etc (e.g. an article for a college magazine giving practical advice to new students who will be living away from home for the first time)
• leaflets and brochures, providing information, describing and/'or advertising a company/pcoduct/service, offering advice/suggestions, etc (e.g. an article In a brochure for a company which wants to attract new customers from around the world)
An article usually has a brief title; this should attract the reader's attention and indicate what the article is about Articles may also have subheadings before each paragraph
Depending on the topic of the article and the type of publication and its readership, you may need to use formal, impersonal language, or informal language.
Articles may be written for a wide variety of purposes and can be descriptive, narrative, discursive, etc, and tne techniques, style and expressions used should bo appropriate to each kind of writing, as discussed in previous units.
Articles for leaflets and brochures are usually informative and/or descriptive, and are written for advertising purposes, or to provide readers with information, advice or suggestions. They should be clear, avoiding extremely vivid descnption and over-emotional, over-personal or simplistic language.
Select and organise the ideas and information you will present in each paragraph carefully. Begin each paragraph with a clear topic sentence.
2 Read the following instructions, then decide what the purpose of each article is. and what kind of information should Ik- included.
1 You have been asked to write an article for your college magazine giving practical advice to students on how to keep up with the workload. Write your article for the magazine.
2 The tourist information centre in your town has asked you to write an article for a brochure describing two places of interest in your area. Write your article for the brochure.
3 A young people's magazine has asked its readers to submit articles on the question: "Are young people being forced to grow up too fast?" Write your article for the magazine.
4 The company you work for is looking for representatives in other countries and has asked you to write a profile of the company for a leaflet which will be distributed abroad. Write your profile for the leaflet.
3 Read Ihe instructions and the model below and insert the following words and phrases in the appropriate spaces. Some words/phrases can be used more than once. Next, complete the paragraph plan on the right. Is this a formal or informal article?
hut also, Furthermore, However, In addition. In conclusion, In fact, not only, On the other hand, therefore, thus
Arc children influenced by what is shown on television? What can be done to prevent television programmes having a negative influence on children?
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Write an article covering these points, to be published i magazine for young adults.
Television has become an important part of everyday life and children today spend hours watching a variety of programmes. These facts have led people to question whether television viewing adversely influences children, and if so, to wonder what may be done to prevent such negative influence.
Supporters of television, such as the representatives of TV channels, claim that there is no need for concern. To support their opinion they cite studies by psychologists which indicate that children are not indiscriminate viewers.
1) they maintain that 2) do children tend to choose programmes that pass on positive messages, 3) that they are able to distinguish between reality and fiction, and are 4) not negatively affected by what they watch.
5) research has been conducted that contradicts the above findings. This second body of research indicates that the increased depiction of gratuitous violence and immorality in television programmes has indeed affected today's youth and is
For: children choose programmes with positive values; distinguish between reality/fiction
Suggestion l & result
Conclusion directly related to the increase in juvenile crime and the breakdown of moral values in society. 6)
the experts responsible for this research have suggested steps that might be taken to solve this problem.
One way to prevent television's negative influence would be for the government to censor the content of certain violent or immoral programmes. Types of broadcasts that are felt to exert negative influences could be shown only late at night when children are nol likely to be watching. In this way the degree to which children might be exposed to negative influences would be limited.
7) parents could monitor what their children watch and lake on the responsibility of changing channels or switching off the television set when they feel the programme being viewed may be harmful, 8) ensuring their children are not exposed to negative influences.
9) it may be said that it is not yet possible to ascertain if, or to what extent TV negatively influences children. TO) as the possibility does exist, it might be wise to take precautionary measures such as those mentioned above. After all, as is often said, "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure."
4 Read the extracts and say what kind of article each is taken from. What kind of publication might each appear in? Finally, think of an appropriate title for each.
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