The result of this would be fewer cars polluting the atmosphere.

1 One way to combat famine would be to provide affected countries with financial aid.

2 An effective method of combating the spread of disease in poverty-stricken areas of the world might be to send doctors from developed countries.

3 One way to prevent illnesses such as heart disease is to ensure you take regular exercise and follow a healthy diet.

4 It could help the world's rain forests if we used more recycled paper.

6 Read the following essay and fill the gaps with the appropriate topic phrases on the right.

Smoking is on the increase among young people. Discuss the problem and suggest what might be done about it.

While smoking is on the decline among adults, the latest US Surgeon-General's report indicates that increasing numbers of youngsters are taking up the habit. Perhaps the main reason for this alarming fact is the seductive advertising campaigns aimed at young people by the tobacco companies. Other contributing factors include the lack of awareness on the part of school children of the dangers of smoking, and the widespread availability of cigarettes. Furthermore, smoking retains an image of sophisticated maturity among young people, making the habit a magnet for those still in the process of moulding themselves into what they want to be.

Firstly, one way to combat this problem would be for the government to(1)

This ban could also prohibit smoking on television and in films. As a result, young people would no longer be constantly exposed to seductive images of cigarettes.

Secondly, by introducing a "negative image" advertising campaign, governments could (2)

Not only would such a campaign deter young people from wanting to start smoking, but others might also be encouraged to give up. Another way to overcome this problem would be to (3)

Consequently, smoking would become far too costly a habit for most young people to take up or maintain. If measures were taken at school to (4)

Teachers could tell their students what will happen to them if they smoke and teach them about the wide variety of ailments that smoking produces. In this way, children will never want to start smoking, thanks to their knowledge of what it could do to their bodies. One final suggestion which would help, would be to (5)

If it were impossible for young people to buy cigarettes before they are eighteen, it would, therefore, be impossible for them to smoke.

All in all, I think that it would be quite easy to reduce the number of young people that smoke or even to eliminate smoking altogether, were it not for the lackadaisical attitudes of those who have the power to do something about it. Until they find the motivation to act, however, it seems likely that the problem will simply get worse.

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