f D You will hear the introductory paragraphs from four different types of articles. Listen to the cassette and match the extracts to the types of articles (a - d). Listen again and tick the correct box to indicate the content of each article.
a magazine article: □ description b brochure: □ holiday c news report: | [ accident d review: □ play
An article, in general, is a piece of writing for publication in a magazine, newspaper, brochure, leaflet, etc. It may be formal or informal in style, depending on its intended readership. Its purpose may be to provide information, describe a place/event/experience, etc, present an opinion or balanced argument, offer advice/suggestions, etc. . -
There are certain specialised types of articles, however. These include:
i) news reports, which are brief, factual pieces of writing written for m publication in newspapers, describing important current events in a '..''."* formal, impersonal style; and —
ii) reviews, which are specialised articles written to describe, discuss and/or evaluate a film, book, theatrical performance, TV series, etc. 3§ Such pieces are usually published in a magazine or newspaper. ~
A successful article should consist of: '.5 &
a) an eye-catching title or headline which suggests the topic of the article !» that follows;
b) an introduction which clearly outlines the topic(s) to be covered;
c) a main body of several paragraphs in which the subject is developed in detail; and d) a conclusion which summarises the topic and/or offers an opinion,comments, recommendations, etc.
Points to consider
Before you start writing, it is important to decide:
- where the article is intended to appear (e.g. magazine, leaflet, etc)
- who the intended readers are (e.g. the general public, fellow students, etc)
- what the purpose of writing is (e.g. describe, inform, advise, etc)
These three factors will determine the style, language and arrangement of your article.
The style of the article may be formal or semi-formal, depending on the intended readership; however, in all articles/news reports/reviews you should avoid extremely vivid description, over-emotional or over-personal writing, and simplistic vocabulary.
Use suitable descriptive, narrative or argumentative techniques (as presented in units 1 -6) and expressions which are consistent with the purpose of the article. Appropriate use of linking words/expressions and a wide range of vocabulary will make your writing more interesting.
Select and organise the ideas and information you will present in each paragraph carefully, and begin each paragraph with a clear topic sentence.
state the topic of the article/news report/review
development of the topic — each new aspect should be presented in a separate paragraph with a clear topic sentence
Final Paragraph summary of the topic and/or opinion/comments/ recommendation(s)
* The exact number of paragraphs will depend on the specific requirements of each writing task.
2 Look at the beginnings and endings from various types of articles. Match the beginnings with the endings, and then say which of the topics that follow (i - v) matches each pair.
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