You develop knowledge of your characters through in-depth scrutiny of them by creating their past life. You accomplish this by creating a character biography for your main character and all major characters. A character biography is exactly what it says—a personal history and inventory of your character's traits, make-up and personality.
A character biography enables you to create a backstory for your characters and give them memories and life experiences from their past. After all, your characters don't exist in a void. They exist in your screenplay in the present, but come from a context in the past with a rich personal history. There are three categories for the character biography. They are the Social, the Physical and the Emotional aspects of your character. As you develop each category you'll get to know your characters inside out. Let's start with the physical.
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