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Bronte, Emily, 39 Burke, Phyllis, 147

Cacique (Clayton), 147 California Writers Club, 120-121 Camus, Albert, 88-89 Captains Courageous (Kipling), 40 Carrie (King) characters, competence of, 37 characters/setting contrast, 41 dual characters and, 43 and the lit fuse, 31 narrative voice, 83, 89-90, 92-93,

105-106 reader empathy and, 14 reader identification and, 10 reader sympathy and, 9 reader, transportation of, 17-18 and the reader's contract, 105-106 ruling passion and, 42 social disapproval and menace, 27 story question, starting with, 25 vision of, 146 wacky characters and, 39 Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 38 chain reaction premise, 59-60 Chandler, Raymond, 145 Chaplin, Charlie, 39 chapter size, 104-105 characters and competence, 37 contrasting with setting, 40-41 dual, 43-47 empathy with, 12-16 identification with, 10-12 and research, 36-37 ruling passions, 41-43

sympathy for, 8-10 wacky, 38-40 as wimps, 33-35 worth knowing, 35-37 Clancy, Tom, 102 Clayton, Hamilton, 35 Clayton, Paul, 147 Cockroach, The (Frey), 52, 119, 142 Coffee Will Make You Black

(Sinclair), 148 colloquial terms, 94 comic contrasted with tragic, 39 communication and fiction writing, xi competence and character, 37 complications, development of, 5859, 64, 65-66, 69-71 concept, 50-61. See also premise Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's

Court, A (Twain), 40 "Contemporaries" series (Vintage

Press), 137-138 contrast characters and setting, 40-41 comic with tragic, 39 conventions, beyond the, 103-106 CraftofFiction, The (Knott), 1, 87 Craft of Writing, The (Marks), 148 Crane, Stephen, 127 characters/setting contrast, 40 and the lit fuse, 31 and the narrative voice, 106 and reader empathy, 14-15 and reader identification, 10 and reader sympathy, 9 reader, transportation of, 18-19 and the reader's contract, 106 and ruling passion, 42 social disapproval and menace, 27 story question, starting with, 25 vision of, 146 Crime and Punishment (Dostoevsky) American version, 68-72 characters/setting contrast, 40 multipremise, 72

narrative voice, 83-85 reader identification and, 10 reader sympathy and, 9 reader, transportation of, 19-20 ruling passion and, 42 social disapproval and menace, 27 story question, starting with, 25 vision of, 146 critiques, 112-113

Dale Carnegie, 117 Day oftheJackal, The (Forsyth), 30 De Nero, Robert, 8 Defoe, Daniel, 8, 38 Deuce of Trump, The (Frey), 142 devices chapter size, 104-105 journal and diary, 104 unreliable narrator, 107-108 DeVoto, Bernard, 6, 50, 51 Dickens, Charles, 8 Don Quixote (Cervantes Saavedra), 38

Dostoevsky, Fyodor, 127 characters/setting contrast, 40 and multipremise, 72 and the narrative voice, 83-85 and reader identification, 10 and reader sympathy, 9 reader, transportation of, 19-20 and ruling passion, 42 social disapproval and menace, 27 story question, starting with, 25 vision of, 146 Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan, 104 dream, failure to re-dream the, 121— 123

dual characters, 43-47 Frankenstein, 43 Jekyll and Hyde, 43 Long John Silver, 43

ego-writing, 119-121, 142 Egri, Lajos, 1, 35, 51 Eliot, T. S., 119

empathy, 12-16

Eye of the Needle, The (Follett), 30

fabulists (South American), 103 faith, keeping the, 124-128, 142 Falstaff, 39

fatal mistakes (seven deadly) being literary, 117-119, 142 ego-writing, 119-121, 142 failure to produce, 131-135, 141, 143

keeping the faith, 124-128, 142 lifestyle, 128-131, 141 re-dreaming the dream, 121-123 timidity, 111-117, 143 Farewell to Arms, A (Hemingway), 114

Fast, Howard, 102

Faulkner, William, 39, 107

fictive dream, 6-7

first vs third person, 87-93

Fleming, Ian, 101

Follett, Ken, 30

For Whom the Bell Tolls?

(Hemingway), 114 Forsyth, Frederick, 30 Foster-Harris, William, 1, 21 Fowles, John, 87 French Lieutenant's Woman, The

(Fowles), 87 Frey, Elizabeth, 143 Frey, James N., 1, 3, 36, 41, 49, 83, 127, 133, 140-143

Games People Play (Berne), 43 Gardner, John, 6, 7, 54, 138-139, 145 genre fiction, 100-101 mystery, 101, 144 romance, 100, 145 science, 101, 144-145 spy thrillers, 100 Godfather, The (Puzo), 11-12 Gone with the Wind (Mitchell) characters, competence of, 37 characters/setting contrast, 40

Gone with the Wind (continued) and the lit fuse, 31 multipremise, 72 narrative voice, 82-83 reader identification and, 10 reader sympathy and, 9 reader's contract, 106 ruling passion and, 42 social disapproval and menace, 27 story question, starting with, 25 vision of, 146 Gorn, Lester, xi, 50, 143 Grafton, Sue, 102

Hammett, Dashiell, 145 Hemingway, Ernest, 114, 145 Henry IV Part One and Part Two

(Shakespeare), 39 Hernandez, Arnaldo, 147 historical novels, 102, 145, 147 Hitchcock, Alfred, 114 Homer, 37

honesty and writing, xi horror fiction, 101 How to Write a Damn Good Novel I (Frey), 1,3,36,41,49,83, 127, 133

How to Write Best-Selling Fiction

(Koontz), 29, 54 how-to-write books, 137 Hugo, Victor, 8, 24

identification with character, 10-12

jargon, 94 Jaws (Benchley)

characters, competence of, 37 characters/setting contrast, 40 and the lit fuse, 31 reader empathy and, 15-16 reader identification and, 10 reader sympathy and, 8 social disapproval and menace, 27

story question, starting with, 24

vision of, 146 wacky characters and, 39 Joyce, James, 118

Kafka, Franz, 127

characters/setting contrast, 40 narrative voice, 106 and reader empathy, 16 and reader identification, 10 and reader sympathy, 9 reader, transportation of, 18 and the reader's contract, 106 social disapproval as menace, 27 story question, starting with, 24 vision of, 146 Kazantzakis, Nikos, 38-39 keeping the faith, 124-128, 142 Kesey, Ken, 28, 40, 91 King, Stephen, 9, 114, 127 characters, competence of, 37 characters/setting contrast, 41 and dual characters, 43 and the lit fuse, 31 and the narrative voice, 83, 89-90,

92-93, 105-106 and reader identification, 10 and reader empathy, 14 and reader sympathy, 9 reader, transportation of, 17-18 and ruling passion, 42 social disapproval and menace, 27

story question, starting with, 25 vision of, 146 and wacky characters, 39 Kipling, Rudyard, 40 Knott, Raymond C., 1, 87 Koontz, Dean, 29, 54, 102

Lawrence, D. H., 141 le Carré, John, 30, 101 Leigh, Janet, 114 Leonard, Elmore, 37, 90-91 lifestyle as a writer's problem,. 128131,141

literary, danger of being, 117—119,

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