When do we use the term "sex," and when is "gender" appropriate? The question is a frequent one that cannot be settled easily in all cases. The American Medical Association Manual of Style has to say this:
"Sex refers to the biological characteristics of males and females. Gender includes more than sex and serves as a cultural indicator of a person's personal and social status. An important consideration when referring to sex is the level of specificity required: specify sex when it is relevant."
All very nice, but where does this leave us? Although I personally prefer the term "gender" as it is more neutral, the term "sex" is usually needed in demographic summaries or statistical outputs. This makes sense because the differences usually looked at in studies tend to be just the biological ones, disregarding social and personal status as they are irrelevant here.
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