Photographs Ebooks Catalog
Focus sharply. Provide a plain, uncluttered background that does not draw attention away from the object you're depicting. Be alert to the distracting presence of miscellaneous items. Try a variety of angles. Colored pictures usually are preferred for oral or poster presentations. However, most print journals still restrict photographs to black and white images unless color illustration is essential for reasons of evidence, efficiency, or emphasis. For example, color could be vital in illustrations of faint rashes, subtle histol-ogic stain colors, or multicolor scan images. Note also that journals that still use nondigital images generally prefer color transparencies (slides) and color negatives (negatives for color prints) rather than color prints.
In the parlance of an editor, all illustrations in scientific writing are of two types, tables and figures. Tables are familiar to just about everyone, being the most used (and many say, overused) visual aid. Figures are anything that isn't a table. They may be numerically based (the many kinds of graphs), documentary (photographs, machine print-outs), or explanatory (drawings, diagrams).
Expect the best, but prepare for the worst - this has always been, and continues to be, excellent advice. Assume that packages will become lost in the mail, that photographs will become separated from text, and that figures will be misplaced. Be especially careful to fully label the illustrations, usually done with a sticker label on the reverse side. Indicate the top edge of the illustration. Illustrations are processed differently than text at the publishers, and if unlabeled, proper association of figures and text in the final assembly of the journal can be a headache or worse. Journals still asking for paper documents usually require at least two copies of the typescript, including any supporting materials such as photographs. (Again, check the Instructions to Authors.) Save one additional copy for yourself - never mail the sole existing copy of anything If submission is electronic, maintain a backup copy of the final file in a separate location - not just on your hard drive One...
Despite following the same general organization, however, a poster differs in many ways from a paper written for publication. Poster format demands concise presentation of information, clearly coordinated with visuals. Many people find it helpful to view the poster-writing process not as trying to condense a paper but rather as expanding and enriching the abstract. The most common problem with poster presentations is the attempt to present too much text and too many data. As Davis (2005) recommends, be willing to make one or two points and leave your other information for future papers. In comparison to a written paper, add more photographs, graphics, and color. Omit the separate abstract unless the sponsoring society requires it.
One of the best examples of subtext in the movie is when the family is gathered together at Thanksgiving and they are taking pictures. The father wants to take a picture of Conrad and his mother together. All the while Beth keeps smiling as she refuses and keeps insisting to her husband, Cal, that she wants to take his picture with Conrad. As this continues Conrad finally moves away from his mother and shouts, Forget the goddamn picture.
Explanatory figures are those produced to communicate organization, illustrate basic principles, or otherwise clarify text materials. This figure type includes both drawings and diagrams - all of those flowcharts, diagrams, maps, algorithms, and line art that some people characterize as illustrations as opposed to tables and photographs.
Do some preliminary general background research to see what is available on your subject. Read through a general reference work like a general encyclopedia. Locate specific reference sources such as subject encyclopedias, bibliographic dictionaries, handbooks, almanacs or non-print resources such as pamphlets and photographs. Use the e-card catalog to find related subject headings, books and other materials. Check the indexes and tables of contents in general books about the topic. Use directories such as lii.ora, or yahoo.com to help you define your research. Use an online magazine index to locate full-text articles about the topic. Ask you librarian for assistance.
Well-chosen drawings, diagrams, photographs, and other illustrations capture audience interest and attention, and can help explain complex ideas. Adding them to your text message can enliven a presentation and make information more understandable. Unfortunately, illustrations drawn from material prepared for print publication can suffer from too much detail for effective use in an oral presentation. Simplify whenever possible. If the larger picture is necessary, briefly orient the audience to it. Then isolate the relevant portion, enlarge it, and present just that part.
To be viewed to best advantage, graphics also must be large and may need to be simplified. Davis (2005) provides a number of useful guidelines. For photographs to show at their best, they should be at least 5 inches by 8 inches (12 x 20 cm). Table entries should be limited to 20 items or fewer. Graphs should include no more than three or four lines or six to eight bars.
One thing that you might have noticed when you were doing your web searches was the way in which web pages make use of a combination of visual and written material in order to present their message. This is obviously one important way in which web pages differ from more traditional published texts, which often rely rather heavily on the written word. When you come to write your assignments you may also find yourself using a combination of text and visual elements. Look back to the example of collaborative writing in the case study at the beginning of this chapter. The writers relied on photographs to do a lot of the work that one might normally expect writing to do. Because they used a picture of the square they did not need to use the written text to describe the scene in as much detail. The words and the photograph worked together to create the background for the collaborative assignment. When you use visuals you may be able to rely on the visual to do some of the work that writing...
Some print journals accept only tables and line drawings (such as diagrams and graphs). Others also accept black-and-white photographs, which are then photographed again through a screen grid to produce dots that make up a printed image called a half-tone. Half-tones are usually of lesser quality than the originals because the printing process may transfer the image several times with some loss of clarity at each transfer.
A written record will be enhanced by the inclusion of cap-tioned family photographs and thanks to the growth of desktop publishing, on payment of a relatively small amount, you can have your family history professionally printed and bound. This will ensure that all the information is kept together and is presented in an attractive, user-friendly way.
You could add to this a list of competitions and national events open to real ale brewers and drinkers but very little more would be needed other than some captioned photographs to illustrate the piece. Illustrations in the form of colour slides, photographs or diagrams are always useful. These should be sensibly captioned, so that it is clear what section of the text they relate to, something like
Look at the two photographs which show the beginning and end of a story, as well as the list of words below, and guess what the story is about. 13D Look at the two photographs below, and try to imagine what you would hear if you were physically present at each scene, then look at the following list of words. Which photograph do you think each word is related to, and which of the three verbs in brackets describes most accurately the sound you would expect to hear Finally, listen to the cassette and check your answers.
It might help to think of memory as a function of the mind, not just an attribute or amusing side-issue, something to indulge in during long holiday weekends, looking at photographs, watching family videos. Its purpose could be considerably more dynamic. A peculiar, though common, feature of parenthood, for example, is the way adults focus on their children as they are and forget what they were like the previous year or the year before that. The protection and well-being of small children probably depends on this parental amnesia. The child as it is, in the present, encountering new dangers, learning new skills, demands every minute of our protective attention. Then, as children grow and become more reliably independent, parents stop forgetting and once more begin remembering. They tell you stories about yourself as a very small boy or girl sometimes to your embarrassment. They start remembering to help build possibly to challenge and therefore strengthen your nascent identity. Like a...
When you write, you need content as well as direction. Unless you are writing completely from memory, you need to locate ideas and information from which to start and, later on, with which to support and convince. Remember, you essentially do research whenever you pose questions and then go looking for answers. It's virtually impossible to write a decent critical, analytical, or argumentative paper without doing some research and reporting it accurately. Even personal and reflective essays can benefit by finding additional factual information (journal entries, photographs, interviews) to substantiate and intensify what you remember. In other words, research is a natural part of most people's writing process and like exploration it happens at all stages of the process, from first to last.
Because the best analogy I can give for point of view is to look at it as your camera. You as author are the director you see and know everything in your story. But the reader only sees and knows what the camera records the point of view you choose. You must always keep that in mind. You see the entire scene, but your lens only records the words you put on the page and you have to keep your lens tightly focused and firmly in hand.
Digital Camera and Digital Photography
Compared to film cameras, digital cameras are easy to use, fun and extremely versatile. Every day there’s more features being designed. Whether you have the cheapest model or a high end model, digital cameras can do an endless number of things. Let’s look at how to get the most out of your digital camera.