Types of Placement

Rhymes can occur anywhere in a line. Here are basic placements and their effects in a poem:

• End-Stopped Rhyme: A rhyme word followed with a punctuation mark, usually a comma or a period. This type of placement helps shape the line as a unit, giving it a crisp feel. It also calls attention to the rhyme word, emphasizing its meaning and its music.

Look back with longing eyes and know that I will follow, Lift me up in your love as a light wind lifts a swallow, Let our flight be far in sun or blowing rain — But what if I heard my first love calling me again?

— Sara Teasdale

• Enjambment or Run-On Rhymes: A rhyme word not followed by a punctuation mark. This type of placement de-emphasizes the line as a unit and the sound of the rhyme so the content may continue without interruption, producing a tripping, breathless or rambling tone.

And I wish that the baby would tack across here to me Like a wind-shadow running on a pond, so she could stand With two little bare white feet upon my knee And I could feel her feet in either hand

• Internal Rhyme'. Two or more words whose vowels and/or consonants make approximate or exact sounds or rhymes on the same line. (Note: When a certain vowel is repeated at the beginning or within unrhyming words in a line, assonance is produced, as in "a sudden humming under stars." When a certain consonant is repeated at the beginning or within unrhyming words in a line, consonance occurs: "a sudden summer of sunflowers.")

Here are lines illustrating internal rhyme and slant rhyme, respectively, from Wordsworth's "Stanzas." This type of placement produces more music, making an entire line melodious instead of the" ending word, and as such adds yet another layer of sound, especially when combined with meter.

As pleased as if the same had been a Maiden -queen For never sun on living creatures shone

Now that we have covered the basics of several types of rhyme, let's proceed to how you can invent them for your poems.

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