What happens at the editors office Round two

If an author's revisions have been extensive or have substantially changed the paper, the editor may elect to repeat the review process, essentially returning to round one. Once the revised paper is fully acceptable, the editor marks the copy for the typesetter to conform to the particular details of journal design and format. Then the editor forwards it to the publisher.

The publisher typesets the paper and returns it and a galley proof to the author, sometimes by way of the journal's editor, who may also check the proof. Various other paperwork may also appear at this time. Generally the publisher includes an order form for the author to order reprints of the article. If page charges are journal policy, the author receives a bill or invoice for the number of printed pages with the galley proof. Many journals require authors to execute a copyright release form, and such forms are often also enclosed with the galley. In addition to your signature as corresponding author, they may need to be signed by all coauthors.

Correct galley proof conscientiously

"Galley proof" originally was the name for a typeset copy of a document used to permit correction of errors before the type was made up in pages; its name comes from the galley, a tray for holding composed type. With computerized typesetting, the term is also used as a synonym for "page proof" that shows how the made-up pages will appear.

Checking galley proof is an important step in the publication process. Take it seriously, and give the galley the attention and care it deserves. With the increase in electronic submissions, fewer errors are being introduced by the typesetting process, but galleys without errors are exceedingly rare.

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