Active voice is generally preferred because it uses fewer words and is more direct as it focuses on the action the

Active Voice Bill delivered the pizza. Passive Voice The pizza was delivered by Bill. There are times when it is appropriate to use passive voice. Use the passive voice to emphasize the receiver of an action rather than the performer of an action. Passive Voice Jay was given an award by the principal. Use the passive voice to point out the receiver of an action whenever the performer is not important or not easily identified. Passive Voice The hazardous material was removed to another location....

And Writing Prompts

Break the subject (an object, event, or concept) down into parts. Then explain the various parts and how they relate to the whole. Show how two things are similar as well as different include details or examples. Show how two things are different include details or examples. Point out both the good and the bad points of something. Give an accurate meaning of a term with enough detail to show that you really understand it. Write about the subject so the reader can easily visualize it tell how it...

As You Read

Ask yourself questions and answer them, almost the way a teacher does. 1. What is the setting How does it contribute to the over-all effectiveness of the story 2. Who are the main characters and what are they like How do they change 3. What is the main character's conflict or goal 4. What obstacles or problems stand in his or her way 5. What will be the outcome and how will it come about 6. What is unclear or confusing 7. What predictions do you make 8. What are you visualizing in your mental...

Avoid shifts from indirect to direct questions or quotations

Unclear I wonder if the man knew about the reward, and if so, did he return the wallet to the police Clear Did the man know about the reward, and if so, did he return the wallet to the police Clear I wonder if the man knew about the reward, and if so, whether he returned the wallet to the police. Unclear Karen said that she is a freshman and please show me where the gym is. Clear Karen said, I am a freshman. Please show me where the gym is. Clear Karen said that she is a freshman and asked me...

Before The Test

What will the questions look like Pay attention to any pretest samples of items on the test that you go over in class or receive prior to taking a test. Know as much about the format of the test as you can so that you do not have to puzzle out any directions on the day of the test. Prepare yourself physically for the test. Get an adequate amount of sleep and eat a good breakfast before the test. If the test will be long and you will have a break, bring a...

Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence unless it is part of the sentence that introduces it

He asked, Is Jack going to San Francisco this summer Jack, she said, is not going anywhere this summer. Russell Baker has written that in our country it is sport that is the opiate of the masses. Capitalize the first, last, and all important words in the titles and subtitles of books, magazines, newspapers, articles, plays, poems, songs, essays, speeches, historical documents, works of art. The Great Gatsby (novel) Death of a Salesman (play) Time (magazine) The Scarlet Ibis (short story) We...

Causes Effects Graphic Organizer

Free labor vs. slavery class differences Free labor vs. slavery class differences OUTLINING Outlining is a formal organizing tool that helps you to see relationships and to see the parts of your subject. Usually, some other brainstorming process proceeds the use of an outline. More details about outlining can be found under Outlining in the Writing the Research Paper section of this handbook.

Choose a subject that meets the requirements of the class and that interests you

Make your subject into a question that is worth researching. Although you might start with a general subject like Who was Rosa Parks , by the end of your research, you want to have a more probing question. This probing question may emerge as you gather your research and actually start to write. In the student model at the end of this section, rather than merely listing the events in Rosa Parks' life, the student poses the question, Does Rosa Parks meet the criteria for a hero This question...

Citing Literary Sources Novel page chapter

On the opening page of Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby, Nick, the narrator, says that he wants no more riotous excursions with privileged glimpses into the human heart (1 ch. 1). Verse Play (act. scene. line numbers) In the famous balcony scene, Juliet asks, What's in a name (2. 2. 43-44). Poem (line numbers) This is my letter to the World That never wrote to Me-proclaims Emily Dickinson in her poem which seems to sum up her sense of isolation (1-2).

Common Word Parts

Off, from, away not, without around, both to, toward, near antecedent, antediluvian, antemeridian cooperate, colleague, combine, concurrent, contradict, counterclockwise descend, debark, dehydrate decade, December, decimal demigod, demitasse dichromatic diameter twice, double across, through not, away, away from eccentric, eclipse, efface, emigrate, erode, escarpment, ignore, illegible, immature, ineligible, irreplaceable induct, illuminate, imbibe, imprint, irradiate proceed, prologue,...

Completing A Job Application

Know all important names and addresses and how to spell them correctly. Have all important phone numbers handy. Know an appropriate starting pay to request. Have a picture ID and your Social Security Card with you. Have a dark blue or black ink pen with you. Know at least two references who have given you permission to use their names. Complete application neatly, completely, correctly. Read all instructions carefully. PRINT unless told otherwise. Read over the form before signing and giving...

Context Clues

The context of a word consists of the sentence containing the unknown word as well as the other sentences that surround it. The construction of the sentence may contain clues to the word's meaning. 1. Sentences Containing a Definition. Sometimes a definition is included in the sentence itself. This often occurs in textbooks. Example People who suffer from acrophobia, or fear of heights, shouldn't climb mountains. The underlined word, acrophobia, is defined as fear of heights within the sentence...

Correctly use the conventions of the English language Sample Strategies to Stimulate Reflective Thinking

Collect possible occasions for reflection Keep a journal chart of everything that happens during a 24-hour period. List the particular conversations overheard, scenes observed, incidents experienced in the left column and the general life-symbols they might represent in the right. Particular Occasion Possible Extension of Meaning Particular Occasion Possible Extension of Meaning Pain - the little things that hurt so much The fine line between curiousity and maliciousness reputations lost...

Criteria for effective thesis statements

That is, it must be a statement where more than one point of view is possible and credible. 2. It should forecast the overall movement of the argument. 3. It should be about a topic that has some significance beyond the individual writer's idiosyncratic preferences. That is, it should have relevance to a wider audience than to the writer him- or herself and a few friends. 4. The writer must be confident s he can develop and argue the thesis. That is the writer must think...

Directions As you read keep a twosided journal

On the left-hand side, write down particular On the right-hand side, react to each passage, giving an honest response or reason for choosing that particular passage. Your response may be an emotional or intellectual reaction anything from the text which you find interesting. a connection to something else you've read or Your responses become a dialogue with the text, not just a personal reflection. You need to stretch your Write the passage down with the page number. interaction with the text...

Do not use commas if all items are joined by and or or

We are serving soup and salad and cake. Use a comma between two coordinate adjectives that precede a noun. Adjectives are coordinate if they can be joined with and or if they can be scrambled without losing meaning in the sentence. Since they modify the noun separately, they can be used in any order. He is a tall, handsome boy. (coordinate) Gary is a warm, gentle, affectionate father. (coordinate) He is a handsome young man. (cumulative) We ate the rich strawberry pie with cold vanilla ice...

Documentation needed

On his fourth voyage, following a shipwreck which forced him to land on the Island of Jamaica, Columbus found the inhabitants hostile to his party. He knew from the Astronomic Calendar of Regiomontus that a total eclipse of the moon was soon to take place. He, therefore, warned the Indians that should their enmity continue, he would cause the moon to lose its light. When the eclipse took place, the terrified natives scurried to his campsite, offering friendship and supplies if he would give...

Documenting Bibliographic Entries

The MOST COMMON TYPES OF SOURCES are listed below with both a description of the information needed and an example. See the Useful Abbreviations section that follows to interpret abbreviations that are new to you. Notice that only the first line of a bibliographic entry begins at the left margin any following lines are indented. Last Name of Author(s), First. Title of Book. Place of Publication Publisher, Year of Publication. Gunther, John. Death Be Not Proud. New York Harper Collins, 1949....

During The Test

Listen carefully to all the directions. Be sure to notice if the directions change during the test. In many tests the directions at the beginning do not cover all of the items, and you will have to change your procedure one or more times on your own. This is why knowing the test format ahead of time is so important you do not want to waste time figuring out what you are being asked to do. Take care filling in the bubbles on your answer sheet. A Scan-tron machine-not a human-has to be able to...

Editorial in a Newspaper

Boston Globe 13 July 1993 14. Letter to the Editor Benston, Graham. Letter. Opera Now. May 1993 12. Book or Film Review Kermode, Frank. Criticism without Machinery. Rev. of Literary Reflections by R. W. B. Lewis. New York Times Book Review 11 July 1993 16. Holden, Stephen. A Union of Convenience across a Cultural Divide, Rev. of The Wedding Banquet. dir. Ang Lee. With Winston Chao, May Chin, and Mitchell Litchtenstein. Goldwyn, 1993. New York Times 4 Aug. 1993...

Expository Writing Applications Standard

The main goal of expository writing is to inform or explain. Expository writing is used to share knowledge and convey messages, instructions or ideas. The writer skillfully produces a thesis statement and supports it with relevant evidence to provide the reader with knowledge that answers the who, what, where, when, why, or how of a subject. Connections are made between the thesis and primary and secondary sources to support claims and enhance the reader's understanding of the subject. This...

Make your notes visual

Indent, use symbols, and use different handwriting. Be liberal with your use of space. Do not make your notes harder to read just to save paper. Remember, you are taking notes so you can use them easily in the future. If you have a tendency to doodle while taking notes, use a separate page. Keep your notes free of extraneous marks. 6. Review your notes by covering the right portion of the page and attempting to recall the information based upon the references and questions in the left margin.

NEVER recopy any part of a timed essay

TAG a literature essay by giving the title, author, and genre in the introduction. Assume the reader knows the literary work (do not ever summarize plot). Leave I and you out unless necessary. Avoid slang avoid repeating words or phrases. Use present tense when narrating the action in literature--Gabriel is jealous not Gabriel was jealous. Literature exists on the page it lives now, it is present. If your essay requires a title, it should give a clue to what your essay's purpose is, not repeat...

Persuasive Writing Applications Standard

The main goal of persuasive writing is to convince. The writer skillfully defends a position about a topic and supports it with relevant evidence to provide the reader with a convincing argument about the topic. Support is given to each claim to persuade the reader of the validity of the writer's position on the topic. Persuasive writing moves the reader to take an action or to form or change an opinion. It requires thinking skills such as analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Persuasive...

Proper Nounscommon Nouns

Poly High School a high school or college First National Bank a firm or corporation The Freshman Class a freshman in high school First Baptist Church a church or temple or shrine God (used as a name) a god Buddhism a religion Buddhist, Baptist a religious follower Genesis a sacred book Lafayette Hotel a building Heartwell Park a city or county park Professor L. M. Smith a professor at U.C.L.A. Lt. Fred Bishop an army lieutenant Vice President of the U.S the company's vice president Uncle John...

Recognizing And Correcting Runon Sentences

When two or more independent clauses appear in one sentence without appropriate punctuation, the sentence is called a run-on sentence. Two types of run-on sentences exist the fused sentence that has no punctuation separating the independent clauses and the comma splice which has a comma between the two independent clauses. Incorrect It rained heavily this morning the freeways and surface streets flooded. (fused sentence) Incorrect It rained heavily this morning, the freeways and surface streets...

Reflective Rubric Grades

Advanced Proficient The paper does all or most of the followina The response - meditative, penetrating, thoughtful, probing, exploratory title enhances the reflection. clearly addresses all parts of the writing task. presents a topic for reflection through the effective use of strategies such as narration, description, exposition or persuasion. thoughtfully and convincingly explores the significance of the topic. effectively maintains a balance between the specific incident and broader themes...

Reflective Writing Writing Application Standard

The main goal of reflective writing is to allow a writer to explore and discover meaning in his or her own experiences often an ordinary thing that is seen, done, read, overheard or experienced will, upon reflection, trigger a comment on life. Writers are provided the opportunity to consider feelings, concerns, or reactions to important issues. Anything that is a part of your life provides the starting point for a reflective essay. Consider ideas in your journal as possible topics. To produce a...

Response To Literature Writing Application Standard

The main goal of responding to literature is to demonstrate thoughtful comprehension of a literary passage. The process of responding to a piece of literature involves the thinking skills of analyzing, evaluating, making inferences, and drawing conclusions. The writer skillfully produces an idea about a text and supports it with textual evidence to demonstrate a thoughtful response to the text. Connections are made among the main ideas of the text, the reader's viewpoint and the author's style....

Revision Check List

WHAT IS REVISION Revision is looking back with some distance to re-see and substantially change your paper. It is not just recopying the paper neatly or fixing the conventions. Think about what you have discovered while writing your first draft and getting feedback from others. What changes can you make that will make your paper stronger FOUR STRATEGIES FOR REVISION Revision consists of four basic strategies that can be done with at the word, the phrase, the sentence, the paragraph, or even the...

Rsum For A

A r sum gives an employer a picture of you. R sum s should be one page long if possible. R sum s are always typed. It is helpful to submit a r sum with an application even if is is not required. See the sample below for one way to set up a r sum . 200 Movie Avenue Long Beach, CA 90815 (562) 555-4321 An entry-level part-time office position, with opportunities for training and advancement High School Diploma after June, 2000. Current grade point average 3.0 Baby-sitting in various homes for...

Rules for outlining

Center the title above the outline the title is not one of the lettered or numbered topics. Do not include terms of organization, such as introduction, body, and conclusion in your outline. Keep the terms in mind as you write, however, so that the outline shows these elements, even though they are not labeled. Write a thesis sentence just below the title. This sentence states the main idea which is to be developed in your outline. Develop a three-level outline that is, use Roman numerals,...

Sample Narrative Topics

Write about an incident you experienced in school. Write about an incident in which you Tell about a special friend and an event you shared. Write about a favorite childhood memory. Which events were the most significant in the life of a successful man or woman Tell in your own words an incident in a novel or play that is the most memorable or significant in the whole work. Describe the experiences a specific artist or musician had before arriving at his or her full artistic potential. Which...

Set up the first page of an assignment as shown in the sample below

Identify the assignment & type of assignment Title Top Line (if required by teacher) Title Top Line (if required by teacher) Jerome Brown English Rer. 6 February 6, 200_ Ponyboy himself is telling the story, wee thoughts, feelings, and actions as he reveals them to us. Right-hand corner (Name, Subject, Period, Date) This is what standard cursive handwriting should look like. Ox SA QolXLA S CWA Ja p ftX a Ja, Si Here is an example of standard printing. An Rh Ce Dr Es. Ff fig Hh I i . I j Kk I...

Sharing Trying your draft out on real readers

This is an important stage because it allows you to get feedback on your writing. What is working well in your piece What parts are unclear or need more detail A writing group or a response partner can help you to see your work more clearly and can offer you insights into what you need to do for revision. You might share with a writing group or have a peer respond via a response form or by writing questions directly on your paper. You might read your piece out loud and ask your responder to...

Sources from the World Wide

Sources on the World Wide Web that students and scholars use in their research include scholarly projects, reference databases, the texts of books, articles in periodicals, and professional and personal sites. Entries in a works-cited list for such sources contain as many items from the list below as are relevant and available. Following this list are sample entries for some common kinds of Web sources. 1. Name of the author, editor, compiler, or translator of the source (if available and...

Stages In The Writing Process Prewriting Getting ideas What do you have to say

Whether you are given a specific prompt (writing assignment) to answer or a general purpose such as writing a persuasive essay or writing about something that you have experienced, you need to think through and to gather your ideas. Ask yourself What do I know about this topic, or what would I like to write about Ideas may come from your past experiences, your reading, your interests, your thoughts or feelings about a subject, or your class discussion. Get your ideas written down in some way so...

Subjectverb Agreement

Make sure subjects and verbs agree in number. To make a subject and a verb agree, make sure both are singular or both are plural. The plurals of most subjects, nouns, are formed by adding s or es. Verbs are more complex. The following verb chart shows verb forms that always take a singular subject as well as verbs that can have either singular or plural subjects. In the following examples, the subjects will be italicized and the verbs will be italicized and in bold type.

Suffixes

Word endings or suffixes change the grammatical function of words they do not change the root meanings of words. He does a careful job. He works carefully. A form of the word care is used in both sentences. In the first sentence the word is an adjective directing attention to the end result, the job. In the second sentence it is an adverb directing attention to the activity, the work being done. adjective ending able to, tend to, worthy of adj. noun ending having, affected by editorial,...

Taking Lecture Notes

Taking good notes is an essential part of becoming a successful student. Note-taking sharpens your listening skills and provides an organized, visual summary of a lecture for future review and exam preparation. Develop a consistent system which will allow you to recall information quickly and will effectively stimulate your memory. Do not try to write down everything a teacher says. Use standard abbreviations and create your own abbreviations so that you can keep up with the lecture.

Taking notes is an important part of gathering information for the research paper Since the entire contents of a book

One way to take notes is to use 3 x 5 or 4 x 6 cards. Like bibliography cards, note cards are easy to carry and to arrange. In addition, they help you to keep your notes brief and to the point. Include only one topic on a card. Give each card a heading topic that refers to a category of information. Center this heading topic at the top of the note card. In most cases, summarize or paraphrase that is, put in your own words what you have read. Occasionally, you may consider it important to quote...

Thank You Notes

Thank you notes show good manners and are still an expected part of social life. They should be sent in the following situations to recognize the sender's significant gift for a major life event and to let the sender know the gift was received. A gift represents a considerable amount of cost and effort. Therefore, if the gift is sent by mail or is left at a reception to be opened at a later time, the sender needs to know his gift arrived safely. These occasions include - religious occasions...

The Ellipsis Mark

The ellipsis mark consists of three spaced periods, beginning with a space before the first period ( . . . . ). Use the ellipsis mark to show that you have deleted material from a quotation. Smithsonian reports that views of nature . . . . make a significant difference in intensive care units. If you delete a full sentence or more in the middle of a quoted passage, use a period and then use the three ellipsis marks. (. . . . ) Do not use an ellipsis at the beginning of a quotation do not use...

The following is a key to some of the most common abbreviations you will encounter and possibly use in preparing your

Dir. director, used to identify the director of a film or play. ed., eds. editor(s) or edition, used in the first sense to identify the compiler or compilers who also added notes, introductory statements, and the like. e.g. exempli gratia (Latin) for example, always preceded and followed by commas. et al. et alii (Latin) and others, used to refer to others involved in the writing of a source without naming them. i.e. id est (Latin) that is, in other words, preceded and followed by commas. narr....

The Sample Research Paper

Begin the list on a new page at the end of your paper. Continue the numbering of pages as in the body of your research paper. Center the Works Cited title an inch from the top of the page. Double-space between the title and the first entry continue to double-space both within and between entries. Alphabetize entries according to the last names of authors. If the author of an entry is unknown, begin with the title, alphabetizing the entry by the first word on the title other than A, An, or The....

To compose a reflective essay writers

choose a topic that is personally significant and will encourage readers to think or wonder. craft an introduction that will create interest about a topic. include a controlling thesis in the introduction. connect the ideas, events, or issues with beliefs or convictions. organize the essay to maintain a balance between the issue or ideas (topic) and beliefs and reflections. write from a personal point of view. The essay becomes a form of self-study. choose a tone that is candid and sincere....

To successfully respond to literature or text the writer

Reads and understands the literature or text. Creates a meaningful and interesting thesis about the text. Engages the reader's interest in the introduction. Provides textual evidence to support the thesis. Draws thoughtful conclusions about the text. Uses relevant and interesting details to support ideas. Discusses the ambiguities, nuances, and complexities within the text. Demonstrates an awareness of the author's style and purpose within the text. Correctly uses the conventions of the...

To write a successful expository essay the writer

Creates a meaningful and interesting thesis Engages the reader's interest in the introduction Uses valuable and significant information from a variety of sources to support the thesis Provides information that goes beyond the obvious Uses relevant and interesting details to support ideas Anticipates readers' questions, misunderstandings, biases, and expectations Synthesizes the ideas and information into a thoughtful conclusion Correctly uses the conventions of the English language Possible...

To write a successful narrative essay the writer

Chooses an interesting topic Uses a variety of sources to research accurate details Forms a clear controlling focus on idea, and in a few cases may include a thesis Establishes a clear context of time and place Arranges events in an order that emphasizes causal relationships between events Takes a point of view from which to describe events Chooses appropriate tone and pace May speculate on characters' motives Draws a conclusion from the events described Correctly uses the conventions of the...

To write a successful persuasive essay the writer

Appeals to the reader's interest in the introduction. Clarifies and defends a position with precise and relevant evidence. Provides support that goes beyond the obvious. Uses relevant and convincing details to support ideas. Addresses readers' concerns, counterclaims, biases, and expectations. Structures the ideas in a sustained and logical fashion. Correctly uses the conventions of the English language. Possible modes of Persuasive Writing Speculations of causes...

Transitional Phrases

Use a semicolon between independent clauses when the second clause starts with one of the following after all, as a matter of fact, as a result, at the same time, even so, for example, for instance, in addition, in conclusion, in fact, in other words, in the first place, on the contrary, on the other hand. When a transitional expression appears between independent clauses in a compound sentence, it is preceded by a semicolon and is usually followed by a comma. Our foreign exchange student is...

Use these same notetaking principles when you have to take notes on a textbook you

Although you will have more time to write out words, there is no reason not to use an abbreviated system that will take you less time to write and will still be quite readable when you start to study. Parker, John R., Ph.D., and Janet L. Weathers, Ph.D., eds. The Student Success Workbook Second Edition. Fountain Valley, CA Student Success, 1985. aJble to direct behavior of others < r a w Tr 1. increasing government role 2. information processing - computer

Verb Usage Verb Tenses

A tense is a form of a verb that shows the time of an action or a condition. In speaking and writing you often need to indicate when something happens now, yesterday, tomorrow. In English, different tenses of verbs are used to show past, present, and future. Verbs have six tenses, each of which can be expressed in two different forms. Each tense has a basic and a progressive form. The first chart gives examples of the six tenses in their basic forms. Simple tenses show actions completed or...

What To Document

Document all direct quotations. (See Quotations) Document ideas, facts, or opinions expressed in your own words if they come from sources you have consulted. This does not mean you must document every statement you make. Generally-known facts, not being the property of an individual, need not be credited. Little-known facts and statistics, statements which are open to question, judgments, and opinions are another matter. You should indicate their sources as a protection both to yourself and to...

Work in an Anthology

The New Oxford Book of Irish Verse. Ed. Thomas Kinsella. Oxford Oxford UP, 1986. 318. Two or More Works from the Same Anthology Kinsella, Thomas, ed. The New Oxford Book of Irish Verse. Oxford Oxford UP, 1986. Colum, Padraic. An Old Woman of the Roads. Kinsella 321-22. Synge, J.M. On an Anniversary. Kinsella 318. Forward, Introduction, Preface, or Afterward Murray, Charles. Forward. Unfinished Business A Civil Rights Strategy for Americas Third Century. By Clint...

Writer

List conventions to be addressed in this response to literature essay Priorities for revision or for your next paper 1. 2. Based on a rubric developed by Dr. Kate Kinsella Advanced Proficient The paper does all or most of the following Title reflects the topic in a unique way Clearly addresses all parts of the writing task Includes a TAG (Title, author, genre) in the introductory paragraph(s) Analysis is thorough and summary is used only to ground the reader Clearly demonstrates an awareness of...

Writing a Research Paper

Throughout high school you will be asked to write research papers. A research paper is actually an extended essay that presents your research findings to an audience. Unlike reports of information that you may have done previously in school, a research paper usually takes a position on the subject you have researched and argues for a particular view or interpretation. As with the writing process, the research process has general stages that may or may not occur in a set sequence. Sometimes more...

Writing A Thesis Statement

Most academic essays contain a thesis statement located at the end of the introductory paragraph. The thesis states the subject of the essay and takes a stand, gives a position, or makes a claim about the subject which will be supported or argued throughout the essay. If you are answering a writing prompt, you may think of the thesis statement as your short answer to the question. If you are developing your own subject, the thesis lets the reader know what subject you will discuss and what your...

Writing Technical Documents Writing Application Standard

The main goal of writing technical documents is to report information and ideas. The writer skillfully introduces what the document will explain and supports this explanation with details and specificity. Technical documents provide the reader with the who, what, where, when, why, or how of the information and ideas being explained. The purpose may be to explain how something works, what the rules of behavior are in an office, procedures for conducting a meeting, the minutes of a meeting, etc....

Regular And Irregular Verbs

The way the past and the past participle of a verb are formed determines whether the verb is regular or irregular. A regular verb is one whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present form. Most of the verbs in the English language, including the verb talk, are regular. The past and past participle of regular verbs have the same form. In the chart below, have is in parentheses in front of the past participle to remind you that this verb form is a past participle...

Sample Research Paper

Sample Research Paper

Enough Is Enough Rosa Parks, American Hero Thesis A hero is someone who can do the unexpected, one who pushes beyond personal losses and fears to commit an heroic act that helps others. A hero is strong, stands up for his beliefs, and takes charge when others don't. Everyone can be heroic and do heroic things but not everyone can be a hero. Through overcoming obstacles, fighting against the evil of racism, and standing up for her beliefs, one small woman changed the course of American history....

Sample ideas for writing a technical document

Prepare a plan for how to put on a school function dance, fundraiser, festival, art show, etc. . Explain how to complete a task. Write a report on how a science project was completed. Create a document explaining the results of an event that occurred at your school. Develop a school brochure explaining how to succeed at your school. Submit a proposal to a teacher on how you'd like to change the appearance of the classroom. Craft a proposal to your principal...

Historical Investigation Or Research Rubric Grades

Advanced Proficient The paper does all or most of the following Clearly addresses all parts of the writing task. Provides a meaningful thesis and maintains a consistent tone and focus and purposefully illustrates a control of organization. Thoughtfully supports the thesis and main ideas with specific details and examples. Provides a variety of sentence types, transitional devices, and uses precise, descriptive language. Demonstrates a clear sense of audience and purpose. Uses a consistent and...

Persuasive Rubric Grades

Advanced Proficient The paper does all or most of the followina The writing - Title enhances the composition Clearly addresses all parts of the writing task Provides a meaningful thesis and maintains a consistent tone and focus Demonstrates control of organization including transitional devices and an insightful conclusion Thoughtfully supports the thesis and main ideas with specific details and examples. Provides a variety of sentence types and uses precise, descriptive language. Demonstrates...

Sample Journal

QUOTATION FROM TEXT sentence, phrase, or passage MY RESPONSE connection, appreciation, question, interpretation p. 213 If you want to know the truth, I don't know what to think about it. I'm sorry I told so many people about it. About all I know is, I sot of miss everybody I told about. Even old Stradlater and Ackleey,, for instance. I even miss that old Maurice. It's funny. Don't ever tell anybody anything. If you do, you'll start missing everybody,. Holden spent so much energy hatting...

Using A Hyphen To Divide Words

Divide a word only between syllables. Do not divide words of one syllable. length not leng-th, straight not st-raight Do not divide a word between syllables if one of the syllables contains fewer than three letters. enough not e-nough, starter not start-er The following two-syllable words show correct division Do not divide proper nouns nor separate title, initials, or first name from a last name. Divide a word having double consonants between the consonants. If a word contains a double...

Make a working bibliography of sources available on your topic You may make bibliography cards or keep this information

For a more detailed discussion of any part of the format discussed in this section refer to Gibaldi, Joseph, ed. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 4th ed. New York The Modern Language Association of America, 1995. 6. Read about and take notes on your subject. You may use note cards or a another system. Document your sources on your notes as you go. See Preparing Notes. Group the notes into subtopics or categories of information that go together. Look for gaps in information do...

Sample Response To Literature Or Text Topics

Explain how the setting affected the story. Explain how the author depicts the character as the person he she is. Discuss how two characters in the story relate to each other. Determine the author's purpose and prove it through the use of textual support. Write an essay in which you connect the ideas with an event or a period of history. Explain what a person might learn from this passage. Discuss what the protagonist or main character learned about life and connect this lesson to people in...

Sample Expository Topics

Explain in writing how something works. Explain how to complete a task you know how to do well. Write an article about an event that occurred at your school. Write a letter to a younger person explaining how to succeed at your school or in a specific class at your school. Write a report about an event in history that you know well. Describe your classroom's appearance. Describe an invention that has had an impact on society. Describe the activities and rides at an amusement park. Explain the...

The Period

Use a period at the end of every sentence that states an idea or command. She is a sophomore. He asked why she left early. Open your books. Use periods in abbreviations according to conventional rules. A period is conventionally used in abbreviations such as the following If a sentence ends with a period marking an abbreviation, do not add a second period. Anna often heard the king end his sentences with etc. U.S. Postal Service abbreviations do not use periods. Usually a period is not used in...

Expository Rubric Grades

Advanced Proficient The paper does all or most of the followina Title enhances the composition Clearly addresses all parts of the writing task Demonstrates a clear purpose and maintains a consistent point of view and focus Authoritatively develops and supports the topic and or thesis in well-organized paragraphs with specific, well-chosen details using precise and varied vocabulary Includes the effective use of transitions Includes an engaging lead, a satisfying conclusion, and employs a...

Not Evident Very Evident

Does the title express and or deepen the subject of the essay 2 3 4 2. Does the expository essay clearly address the writing task 2 3 4 3. Does the introduction engage and draw the reader in and establish a purpose thesis for the writing 2 3 4 4. Does the introduction fully explain the situation and give an overview of the ideas that will be addressed in the body of the essay 2 3 4 5. Is the essay organized into well-developed paragraphs that support the purpose of the essay 2 3 4 6....

The Hyphen

To find out whether or not a word is hyphenated, it is advisable to consult a dictionary. The following rules, however, will be useful in solving certain problems in the use of the hyphen Use a hyphen with all prefixes before proper nouns and with prefixes ex-, self-, and all- before a noun. anti-German, pro-British, ex-president, self-addressed, all-star Use a hyphen in compound numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine. Hyphenate fractions when they are used as adjectives before words they...

Forming Plural Nouns

To form the plural of most nouns, merely add -s. To form the plural of nouns ending in sh, s, x, z, or ch, add -es. brush-brushes, box-boxes, gas-gases, buzz-buzzes To form the plural of nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant, change the y to i and add -es. To form the plural of nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel, add -s. To form the plural of nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant, add -s to some and -es to others. Consult the dictionary the plural form will also be given. To form...

Possible modes of Response to Literature Writing

Double entry journals Dialectical journals Interpretive or response to literature or text essays Poetry inspired by literature Questions to Start You Thinking About Theme Theme is insight about human life that is revealed in literary work. Themes are rarely stated directly in literature. Most often, a reader has to infer the theme of a work after considerable thought. Theme is different from subject. A story's subject might be stated as growing up, love, heroism, or fear. The theme is the...

Analytical Checklist

This is a generic tool that can be adapted to a variety of narrative pieces. Not Evident Very Evident 2 3 4 1. Does the title express and or deepen the subject of the task 2 3 4 2. Does the writing or narrative clearly address the writing task 2 3 4 3. Does the lead draw the reader in 2 3 4 4. Does the lead establish a purpose for writing 2 3 4 5. Does the narrative develop a setting and characters if appropriate 2 3 4 6. Does the narrative show narrative and descriptive strategies such as...

Analytical Checklist for Historical Investigation or Research Paper

This is a generic tool that can be adapted to a variety of narrative pieces. 2 3 4 1. Does the paper have an informative title 2 3 4 2. Does the writer's introduction set the stage with contextual background 2 3 4 3. Does the writer include a clear thesis statement 2 3 4 4. Does the writer use varied sources to provide adequate and varied support for the thesis statement 2 3 4 5. Does the writer fully analyze and evaluate the support of primary and secondary sources 2 3 4 6. Does the writer...

Long Beach Unified School District Long Beach California

Reading and Writing Handbook for High School Students Supporting Language Arts Content Standards Pamela Cathcart, Millikan High School Judith DeCourdes, Jordan High School Susan Humphrey, Polytechnic High School Barbara Prats, Millikan High School Maureen Rippee, Wilson High School Pia Alexander, Curriculum Leader, 9-12 Language Arts Stacy Casanave, Curriculum Leader, 6-8 Language Arts David Poerschke, Millikan High School Patrice Rice The Office of Curriculum, Instruction, and Professional...

Grades Feedback Scoring Guide Persuasive Essay Analytical Checklist

This is a generic tool that can be adapted to a variety of narrative pieces. 2 3 4 1. Does the title express and or deepen the subject of the essay 2 3 4 2. Does the persuasive essay clearly address the writing task 2 3 4 3. Does the introduction engage the reader and include a well-defined thesis one that makes a clear and knowledgeable judgement 2 3 4 4. Does the introduction establish a purpose for writing 2 3 4 5. Does the writer provide details, reasons, and examples, arranging them...

Recognizing And Correcting Sentence Fragments

Sometimes groups of word look like sentences. However, these groups of words are not sentences because they cannot stand alone. We call them fragments because they are just pieces of sentences. Correct a fragment by supplying the missing subject and or verb to turn it into an independent clause or by attaching the fragment to an independent clause. This group of words has no subject and the word waiting, though it is a participle form of a verb, is not functioning as a verb within a clause....

Generating And Organizing Ideas

The following prewriting and precomposing planning strategies can help you to think of subjects and ideas to use for writing. Most are methods of brainstorming-rapidly thinking of ideas without judging them until you can see the whole picture. Not judging is important because sometimes a crazy idea may lead to a very good one. Clustering, brainstorming in a circle, and freewriting looping work best for generating ideas. However, listing, columns, and graphic organizers may move beyond...

Readers Log Starters

If you are asked to keep a reading log, you can use these sentence stems to help you get your best thoughts down on paper. When I started reading this book, I thought I changed my mind about because My favorite part of the book was My favorite character was because I was surprised when I predict that I liked the way the writer I didn't like because This book reminded me of I would wouldn't recommend this book to a friend because This book made me feel This book made me think This book made me...

Sample Timed Writing Essay

See the column section under Generating and Organizing Ideas to see how this student did his prewriting. During their first year of driving, between, one-third and one-half of teen drivers will be involved in an accident. California has considered enacting a limited licensing program,, which would restrict teens to driving on surface streets during daylight hours with, only one teen passenger. After two years of a limited license, teens can then receive California should adopt a limited...

Use formal standard English be polite and respectful

1323 East West Street Long Beach, CA 90803 May 14, 2000 Barstow Catalog Outlet Store Route 122 Barstow, CA 90857 As president of the Friends of the Environment Club at Long Beach High School, I am writing to attempt to correct an order we placed with your company on April 5th of this year. We completed your catalog order form and placed an order for 25 T-shirts with our club name and logo. We enclosed check 4505 in the amount of 248.75 9.95 each including shipping and handling to cover the...

Preparing A Working Bibliography

As you gather your sources, you need to keep an accurate list of books, articles, and other materials that you may use in your paper, including the bibliographic information for each source. You will need this information for your list of works cited. One way to keep this information is to create 3 x 5 or 4 x 6 bibliography cards. Cards have three advantages 1. They can be easily carried with you as you do your research. 2. They can help you create your works-cited page as you go. If you take...

Business Letter Letter Of Application In Block Form

1234 East 10th Street Long Beach, CA 90811 January 1, 2000 8888 Pacific Coast Highway Long Beach, CA 90813 I am responding to your ad in the Long Beach Press Telegram for a parttime assistant clerk in your main office. As you will see on my attached resume, I have completed two courses in keyboarding and word processing in high school, and can type 50 words per minute while transcribing from recordings. I received a Medal of Merit award as a sophomore in the Business Department. I have also...

Technical Document Rubric Grades

Advanced Proficient The paper does all or most of the followina The response - if appropriate, included title enhances the document. provides a clear and effective introduction that clarifies what the reader will learn. authoritatively reports information that is coherent and focused. effectively presents detailed and accurate information specifications anticipates readers' problems, mistakes and misunderstandings. includes scenarios, definitions, and or examples to aid comprehension....