Before You Read Preview and skim the material

1. What do you already know about the topic? Think about past experiences with other subjects you know about and how they may connect to what you are going to read.

2. What can you expect it to tell you?

3. How is the text organized?

• Non-fiction text is typically organized using one of the following structures: Generic List Compare/Contrast

Sequential List Problem/Solution

Description Cause/Effect

When you preview the text, as well as while you are reading, pay attention to which text structure(s) the author has used to organize the information.

• Read the boldface chapter, headings, other titles and subtitles, focus questions, and any questions at the beginning of the chapter or text.

• Read all the boldface print.

• Look over all typographical aids such as italics, and visual aids such as graphs, charts, maps, pictures and diagrams.

• Read the first sentence of each paragraph to determine the topic of each.

• Read the last paragraph or summary and any end-of-the-chapter material.

4. Make a graphic organizer (chart, map, timeline, outline, etc.) to help you organize the material.

5. If your purpose is to find a specific piece of information, think about where you will find it according to your preview and then read only the portion of the text necessary to find your answer.

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