Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence unless it is part of the sentence that introduces it

He asked, "Is Jack going to San Francisco this summer?" "Jack," she said, "is not going anywhere this summer."

Russell Baker has written that in our country "it is sport that is the opiate of the masses."

Capitalize the first, last, and all important words in the titles and subtitles of books, magazines, newspapers, articles, plays, poems, songs, essays, speeches, historical documents, works of art.

The Great Gatsby (novel) Death of a Salesman (play)

Time (magazine) "The Scarlet Ibis" (short story)

"We Wear the Mask" (poem) The Thinker (statue) Gettysburg Address (speech) Los Angeles Times (newspaper)

When quoting poetry, copy the poet's capitalization exactly.

Lives of great men all remind us We can make our lives sublime, And, departing, leave behind us Footprints on the sands of time.

—"Psalms of Life" Longfellow

The Soul selects her own Society--Then--shuts the Door--To her divine Majority-Present no more--

—"The Soul selects her own Society" Dickinson

Capitalize abbreviations for departments and agencies of government, other organizations, and corporations; capitalize trade or business firm names when mentioning the product; capitalize radio and television station call letters.


Capitalize the first word and the proper name or the term of address in a salutation; capitalize the first word only in the complimentary close of a letter.

Dear Betty, My dear Betty, Sincerely yours,

Dear Sir: My dear Sir: Yours very truly,

Capitalize the first word of a resolution following the word "resolved" or following introductory italicized phrases.

Resolved, That aid to underdeveloped countries should be studied.

• Capitalize the first word in each division of an outline.

I. Outdoor games

A. Football

B. Baseball

C. Soccer

• Capitalize the names of school subjects which are taken from names of countries or which are used as titles of specific numbered courses. Also capitalize proper adjectives derived from proper nouns.

English, French, Spanish, Algebra I, Music 2 American flag, British officer, Siamese cat

• Capitalize the names of races, religions, nationalities.

Native American, Methodist, Italian

• DO NOT capitalize the names of the seasons: spring, summer, fall or autumn, winter.

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