Forming Plural Nouns

• To form the plural of most nouns, merely add -s.

dancer-dancers

• To form the plural of nouns ending in sh, s, x, z, or ch, add -es.

brush-brushes, box-boxes, gas-gases, buzz-buzzes

• To form the plural of nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant, change the y to i and add -es.

family-families, sky-skies

• To form the plural of nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel, add -s.

radio-radios

• To form the plural of nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant, add -s to some and -es to others. Consult the dictionary; the plural form will also be given.

soprano-sopranos, hero-heroes

• To form the plural of some nouns ending in f or fe, add -s to some.

proof-proofs, cafe-cafes

NOTE: Whenever you are in doubt about the plurals of words ending in o, f, or fe, look up the singular form in the dictionary; the plural form will also be given.

• To form the plural of compound words, add -s to the modified words.

attorneys general, boards of education, major generals, sons-in-law

• To form plurals of letters, numbers, signs and parts of speech not commonly used as nouns, add an apostrophe and -s.

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