This handbook has been prepared for you as a supplement to regular classroom textbooks and as a handy reference throughout your high school career. It is your personal property. You are expected to keep it and to use it for your classes. For your convenience it has been punched to fit into your notebook. If it should be lost, you may be asked to buy a replacement copy from the textbook clerk.

We hope you will learn to use this book well and that it will be of value to you for many years to come.

Table of Contents illy


Strategies Good Readers Use 1

Strategies for Reading Nonfiction Texts 2

Strategies for Reading Fiction Texts 3

Dialectical Journal 4

Reader's Log: Starters 5

Key Words Used in Textbook Reading Objectives and Writing Prompts 6

Key Words Used in Reading Tests 7


Clues to a Word's Meaning 8

Common Word Parts 10

Prefixes 10

Roots 11

Suffixes 14




The Writing Process 20

Generating and Organizing Ideas 22

Essay Format 25

Writing Leads 26

Writing a Thesis Statement 27

Writing a Thesis for Persuasive Writing 28

Revision Check List 29

Transitions 32

Self-Editing Check List 33

Writing Genres/Rubrics and Analytical Checklists 34

Narrative 35

Sample Narrative Topics 35

Biographies, Autobiographies, Short Stories & Narrative Essay Analytical Checklist 36

Fictional or Autobiographical Narrative Rubric Grades 9-10 37

Fictional or Autobiographical Narrative Rubric Grades 11-12 38

Expository 39

Sample Expository Topics 39

Expository Essay Analytical Checklist 40

Expository Rubric 41

Persuasive 42

Sample Persuasive Topics 42

Persuasive Essay Analytical Checklist 43

Persuasive Rubric 44

Response to Literature 45

Questions to Start You Thinking About Theme 46

Sample Response to Literature or Text Topics 47

Response to Literature Essay Analytical Checklist 48

Response to Literature Rubric Grades 9-10 49

Response to Literature Rubric Grades 11-12 50

Reflective Writing 51

Sample Strategies to Stimulate Reflective Thinking 52

Sample Writing Assignments 53

Reflective Rubric 54

Writing Technical Documents 55

Technical Document Rubric 56

Historical Investigation or Research Paper Analytical Checklist 57

Historical Investigation or Research Rubric 58

Conventions Rubric 59

Planning and Pacing for Success on a Timed Writing 60

Sample Timed Writing Essay 61


Friendly Letter 63

Form for Addressing an Envelope 63

Thank You Notes 64


Business Letter of Complaint in Full Block Form 65

Business Letter of Application in Block Form 66

Applying for a Job 69


General Steps in Writing a Research Paper 70

Preparing a Working Bibliography 72

Sample Bibliography Cards 72

Documenting Bibliographic Entries 73

Useful Abbreviations 78

Preparing Notes 79

Sample Note Cards 79

Outlining 80

Documenting Sources 81

Quotations 83

Preparing a List of Works Cited 84

Format for the Parts of a Research Paper 84

Sample Research Paper 85


Punctuation 89

The Period 89

The Question Mark 89

The Exclamation Point 89

The Comma 90

The Semicolon 93

The Colon 94

The Apostrophe 94

Quotation Marks 95

The Dash 95

The Hyphen 95

Parentheses 96

Brackets 96

The Ellipsis Mark 96

The Slash 97

Recognizing and Correcting Sentence Errors 98

Recognizing and Correcting Sentence Fragments 98

Checking Your Work to Correct Fragments 99

Recognizing and Correcting Run-on Sentences 100

Four Ways to Correct Run-on Sentences 100

Usage 101

Verb Usage 101

Verb Tenses 101

Regular and Irregular Verbs 102

Active and Passive Voice 106

Subject/Verb Agreement 107

Pronoun Usage 108

Pronoun Cases 108

Pronoun - Antecedent Agreement 109

A Glossary of Troublesome Words 110

Writing Effective Sentences 117

Parallelism 117

Correct Pronoun Reference 118

Word Omissions 118

Coordination 118

Subordination 119

Modifiers 120

Errors in Using the Verb "To Be" 121

Spelling 122

Suggestions for Learning How to Spell a Word 122

General Rules for Spelling Correctly 122

Forming Plural Nouns 124

Using a Hyphen to Divide Words 125

Commonly Misspelled Words 126

Capitalization 130

Writing Numbers 132

Choosing Precise Words 133

Synonyms for "Go" 133

Synonyms for "Said" 134

Sensory Words 135

Assignment and Manuscript Form 136

Handwriting and Printing 137

Proofreading Symbols 137

Academic Vocabulary 138

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Business Correspondence

Business Correspondence

24 chapters on preparing to write the letter and finding the proper viewpoint how to open the letter, present the proposition convincingly, make an effective close how to acquire a forceful style and inject originality how to adapt selling appeal to different prospects and get orders by letter proved principles and practical schemes illustrated by extracts from 217 actual letter.

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