Reading Strategies

• recalling prior knowledge and experiences which relate to the material being read.

• thinking of what they already know about the genre or the author.

• predicting what will happen next.

• creating visual images of what the text is saying.

• summarizing important ideas and concepts both during and after the reading.

• drawing inferences, based on the text and their own prior knowledge, about ideas the author suggests but does not explicitly state.

• generating questions about author's purpose, character motivation, confusing passages, etc.

• developing an understanding of the message the author wishes to communicate by synthesizing the literal textual information into a thematic whole.

• making connections from the text to one's personal knowledge and experiences, as well as making connections with other texts and with one's understanding of the world (text-to-self, text-to-text, text-to-world).

• being mentally aware of when reading does and does not make sense, and knowing what to do when the meaning breaks down.

In the years before you entered high school, you probably spent more time reading fictional stories that you did reading informational text. In high school, that will undoubtedly change, and you will find that you are reading a much larger proportion of non-fiction, informational material than you did in the past.

Proficient readers do not approach reading informational text in the same way that they approach reading a narrative story. In order to make sense of nonfiction text, skilled readers use the strategies described in the box on the next page.

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