Exercise

Generally speaking, I would judge that claims b, e, and f would be 'self-evident' to a general adult audience. They would, in effect, provide or hint at their own argument for foundation. Claim d is not self-evident because it is an explicit value claim. Few, if any, value claims can ever be safely regarded as self-evident because there are so many competing value systems at work in the world (and within Australia). Claims a and c involve strong implied values that would, among some members of the Australian population, create sufficient doubt for the claims not to be self-evident. Finally, the main reason for regarding a single claim to be self-evident is that all opposing claims are already disproved and/or the general knowledge of the broad community is good enough to provide a convincing argument for the claim, as, for example, in claim f.

If the idea of a 'general adult audience' posed problems for you, then that's good! Reflect on the need to have a well-developed understanding of which claims may or may not be regarded as self-evident.

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