Exercise

For each of the following, indicate an appropriate authority to whom you might refer if required to establish the foundation of these claims. Remember, you are not reasoning here but are referring to some source of reasoning about the claim:

a. Communism has failed.

b. Television was introduced to Australia in 1956.

c. Australia is a democracy.

d. We should legalise marijuana.

e. The two main political parties are the Liberal Party of Australia and the Australian Labor Party.

f. A broken leg requires immediate medical treatment.

Let us at this stage return to the analytical structure format to show how we might represent these calls to authority. First of all, think about the way that the list of claims is designed to express clearly what we mean. Imagine we wish to claim that 'Australian history is marked by considerable conflict and tension over the competing interests of labour and capital' and use as support the fact that a competent, respected historian such as John Rickard has also made this claim in his book Australia: A Cultural History. We would write:

1. The Australian government should continue to regulate industrial relations practice and policy.

2. Australian history is marked by considerable conflict and tension over the competing industrial interests of labour and capital.

3. Rickard, Australia: A Cultural History {1992) asserts claim 2.

4. These conflicts and tensions have been resolved, by and large, by government intervention.

5. It is unlikely that, in future, the conflict that results from the competing industrial interests of labour and capital will decline.

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