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The last sentence could either contain two claims and an implied claim or three claims. Since the phrase starting 'using...' is what I use to infer the existence of the implied claim, I think it is best cast as three claims as indicated. Obviously the phrase 'using...' is not, in its current form, a complete claim. I would suggest that what it is really saying is: 'if referencing is a service to readers, then readers will only be able to benefit from this service by going to other texts via the references when an author uses the kinds of standard methods that are available'.

The second reason noted above was that8 [authors owe a debt to those other writers who have provided them with information, inspiration and ideas.] 15 [This debt is both scholarly and ethical.] 16 What do I mean by assigning two different aspects to this notion of debt? Following the 'debt' metaphor through a little further, it is possible to say first that [the scholarly community within which an author writes enforces payment of the debt]17 [(their readers will check their work, either consciously or not, for evidence that proper referencing has taken place)] 18. Second, [it is enforced, or at least made possible, by the ethical behaviour of individual authors who, privately, must recognise they need to acknowledge those other writers who have helped them. 119 [Without referencing, the system of mutual obligation on authors to use each others' work, to link new pieces of work to those already published, and to rely on one another's specific expertise would collapse.120 Thus [referencing is important, even if the references were never actually followed uph (though, of course, they regularly are).]21

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