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audiences will believe it to be true. Well-founded claims are not just 'true'; they are accepted as true. There are three types of well-founded claims: those that are 'self-evident' (and, in that sense, are their own foundation); those that are founded on a reference to authority or expertise (including one's own 'authority'); and those that are founded (like the conclusion to any argument or explanation) via further reasoning.

CONCEPT CHECK

The following terms and concepts are introduced in this chapter. Before checking in the Glossary, write a short definition of each term:

appeal to authority effective reasoning implied premise modes of analysis self-evident claim well-formed claim well-founded claim

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