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c Studying critical thinking is not the same as studying moral reasoning, d Studying critical thinking means, for example, reading a book like this

The first argument is 2+3 —» 4. Claims 2 and 4 are identical, except that 'assault' is replaced with 'threaten to attack'. Claim 3 does the work of making this equivalence. It might seem foolish but it is an important point: you do not actually have to touch someone to be charged with assault—the threat is sufficient. In this case, one might assume the audience did not know this point and the arguer was making

The second argument is 5 —> 6. In a way claim 5 is actually saying a very similar thing to claim 6. However 5 relates to a specific survey; 6 concludes a general position on the basis of that survey. For example, the link is made in the consistency between 5 and 6; 150 out of 200 becomes the generalisation 'most' (which is

The third argument is 8+9+10 —>11. This is a very good example of a framing premise (which in fact is concerned with establishing the causal relationship—see chapter 7). Claim 10 ensures that the change in state reported in 8 and 9 does therefore support 11. Note how, in 9, it is not saying the assault caused... (which would be circular), rather, it is simply identifying a time period in which Michael became depressed. The causal chain is asserted in the conclusion, 11.

The fourth argument is 4+6 —» 7. Michael is the predicate of claim 4, but becomes the subject of claim 7 because 'victims' in claim 6 is a category to which

The fifth argument is 7+12+13+11 —» 1. Note how super-claim 12 contains something very similar to the claim 11 in the 'if position, and that the conclusion 1 looks very similar to the 'then' sub-claim in 12. This would be sufficient on its own, except that the conclusion provides a specific time of imprisonment and thus claim 7 does the work of supporting that part of the concluding claim. Had you not included 7, it would be hard to argue why three to six months and not (say) a a Some years ago, the Northern Territory passed legislation allowing some

There is no explicit value judgment. The claim is only about the Northern Territory, and some time ago, so in that respect, its scope is limited. The claim also reports the limited scope of the legislation itself: 'some people'. Implicitly, this claim

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