Review exercise

Answer briefly the following questions, giving, where possible, an example in your answer that is different from those used in this book:

a. Why are well-formed claims essential?

b. What is the role of connotations in thinking about well-formed claims?

c. What is the difference between claiming 'X happened' and 'Jones has argued that X happened'?

d. What roles do scope and certainty play in well-formed claims?

e. Which claims are least likely to be 'self-evident'?

f. What is the similarity between premise-claims supporting a conclusion and other claims supporting those premises?

g. How might we 'found' claims so that they are more acceptable?

h. How can we judge the 'truth' of a claim in trying to communicate our reasoning effectively?


1 See Tony Schirato and Susan Yell, Communication and culture: an introduction, Sage, London, 2000 for an in-depth treatment of this important issue.

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