Describing Tables and Graphs

Probably the most important thing to keep in mind when describing graphs and tables is how to convey the information properly and accurately. Surprisingly, relatively few key words or grammar elements are needed when describing trends or movements. The following vocabulary items can be used:

To go up (a little)

Nouns

Verbs

an Increase

to increase

a rise

to rise

a growth

to grow

an improvement

to improve

an upturn

to go up

an upward trend

To go down (a little)

Nouns

Verbs

a decrease

to decrease

a fall

to fall (off)

a drop

to drop

a decline

to decline

a downturn

to go down

to slip

a downward trend

To go up (a lot)

Nouns

Verbs

a surge

to surge

an upsurge

to take off

to shoot up

to soar

to rocket

a jump

to jump

a leap

To go down (a lot)

Nouns

Verbs

to plummet

a plunge

to plunge

a slump

to slump

a crash

to crash

to sink

a tumble

to tumble

No change to remain stable_

to level off_

to stay at the same level to remain constant to stagnate_

to stabilise

Change of direction

Downward

Upward

to peak

to reach a peak

to reach a low point

to top out

to recover

to rebound

to revive

To describe the degree of change

Adjectives

Adverbs

a dramatic

rise or fall

to rise or fall

dramatically

considerable

considerably

sharp

sharply

significant

significantly

substantial

substantially

moderate

moderately

slight

slightly

To describe the speed of change

Adjectives

Adverbs

an abrupt

rise or fall

to rise or fall

abruptly

a sudden

suddenly

rapid

rapidly

quick

quickly

steady

steadily

gradual

gradually

slow

slowly

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