Different ways of ordering your material

chronological or sequential

Step by step. Points are made one after another in the order of occurrence.

from simple to complex

Used when proving an assertion made in the introduction. Each step builds on the one before, from the obvious to the complicated, building the reader's understanding gradually. It builds naturally to a climax in the conclusion.

from complex to simple

Used when urging the reader to apply a solution to a problem. It states the problem, and then begins to direct towards a specific solution.

from general to specific

Used when contrasting and comparing, from similarity to difference.

from specific to general

Used when contrasting and comparing, from difference to similarity.

Layout of a sample plan

In a typical layout, a combination of numerals and letters are organised in a hierarchy. For example:

■ Roman numerals (I, II, III, IV, V .

.), signifying main points

■ capital letters (A, B, C, D ...)

■ Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4 ...)

■ lower case letters (a, b, c, d, ...)

■ numerals in parentheses ( (1), (2), (3), (4)

.)

■ lower case letters in parentheses ( (a), (b), (c), (d).

)

In the text each lower level is indented further.

I

first main point

A

part of I

1

part of I.A

a

part of I.A.1

(1)

part of I.A. 1

a

(a)

part of I.A.1

a(1)

(b)

part of I.A.1

a(1)

(2)

part of I.A.1

a

(a)

part of I.A.1

a. (2)

b

part of I.A.1

(1)

part of I.A.1

b

2

part of I.A

a

part of I.A.2

B

part of I

1

part of I.B

II

second main point

The plan continues ...

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