1 The following overlong sentence is almost unintelligible:
Axis-boundary conditions for the SGS stresses in case of scale similarity and mixed-type models are specified in terms of GS velocities at the axis so as to be compatible in the statistical mean with expressions for the axis values of... following from the kinematics of homogeneous axissymmetric turbulences as well as from the statistically averaged dynamic equations for the GS velocity field taking into account statistically steady and homogeneous flow conditions.
This can be re-written, as below, in order to make the meaning clearer. The text is divided into three shorter sentences and linking words and phrases added.
Axis-boundary conditions for the SGS stresses in case of scale similarity and mixed-typemodels are specified in terms of GS velocities at the axis. This is done so that they are compatible in the statistical means...for the GS velocity field. Statistically steady and homogeneous flow conditions are also taken into account.
2 In the following paragraph, notice the use of the linking phrases, or semantic markers in italics, which have been used in order to shorten sentences and make them understood more easily, thus improving readability:
In the first of this two-paper sequence, a highly automated method for generating reduced-order dynamic macromodels for electrostatically MEMS devices was presented. The approach was to use selected linear elastic modes of the device as basic functions, and to express the kinetic and potential energy in terms of basis-function amplitudes and their time derivatives. It was demonstrated that this procedure could, indeed, be executed nearly automatically, requiring only a few inputs from the designer to select parameters for the macromodel. However, while the procedure works well for nonlinearities produced outside the electric body, such as the non-linear electrostatic force between the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor with one plate being flexible, it fails to capture the correct mechanical structural stiffness when the deflections become comparable to a typical thickness. This effect is generally referred to as..._
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