Format of references

The basic guidelines below apply to how you lay out the details about a source in a footnote, an endnote or a bibliography. For how you actually cite a source in your text see Section 4.8 Quoting.

The examples given follow APA style, as governed by The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Check whether this style actually applies to your own discipline.

■ Reference to a book. Information to include:

* names of the author(s): surname first, with initials for given names

* year of publication, in parentheses

* title of the book, underlined; only the first word needs to have a capital letter

* city where published

* name of the publisher






Kellogg, R.T.


The psychology of writing

New York:

Oxford University Press

Barzun, J and Graff, H.F.


The modern researcher 5th edn


Harcourt Brace Jovanovich

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