Noun suffixes

■ Verb + suffix. Many nouns are formed by adding a suffix to a verb. The most common suffixes of this type are as follows:

Verb

Suffix

Noun

enlarge

-ment

enlargement

elect

-(t)ion

election

inform

-ation

information

write

-ing

writing

dance, manage

-er

dancer, manager

direct

-or

director

* Note: sometimes there is a spelling change. The most common is the omission of the final e before the suffix - ion or - ation: translate /translation.

Noun + suffix. -ist is a common suffix added to existing nouns to describe people and their jobs : ecologist, journalist, artist.

Adjective + suffix. Nouns are also formed by adding a suffix to an adjective. Two suffixes often added to adjectives to form nouns are -ness and -ity.

adjective

suffix

noun

rich

-ness

richness

stupid

-ity

stupidity

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