The verb

■ The verb should be positioned as close to the subject as possible. The mistake of placing the verb at the end of the sentence after an over-long subject has been mentioned above.

No damage was observed in the specimen due to the uniaxial compressive stress.

■ The regular pattern S-V is inverted when you want to signal the existence or presence of something new by using there is / are / was / were, etc.

There has been relatively little examination of the effect of mode on subcritical crack growth.

■ Similarly, the subject - verb word order is changed when you start a sentence with It is / was ... that... to show emphasis. See Section 3.5 Emphasising.

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