What is the difference between summarising and paraphrasing

There are clear similarities between the two since both involve the re-writing of an author's ideas in your own words. (See Section 4.7 Paraphrasing) However, the main differences are:

■ a summary is likely to be shorter. Whereas paraphrasing may involve keeping more or less to the same length as the original, a summary could be the reduction of a long paragraph to a sentence, an article to a paragraph or a book to a page.

■ a summary will keep to the structure and content of the original more closely than a paraphrase. The latter is more likely to include your personal gloss or interpretation of the original; in a summary you should avoid adding extra information or ideas that are not actually in the text you have read.

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