Writing the conclusion

The conclusion of a piece of writing is your last opportunity to bring together what you have been saying in a form that will tell your reader, 'This is really where all that I have been saying has been leading this is what I want you, the reader, to think at the end of my essay'. This final statement must arise out of the piece of writing itself. One piece of advice that writing advisers give is that you don't introduce new information in the conclusion. However, one exception to this is that...

Email

One of the ways in which you are likely to be communicating with your tutors and lecturers and with other students studying your courses is through email. Your tutor may set up email lists so that they can communicate with all their students on one course at the same time. They may also set up an email list for students to discuss course issues together. You can use these environments to explore your ideas and get feedback from others. They can help you to develop your thinking in much the same...

The patchwork writer see Figure

When I write I try to get down some headings that seem to relate to the question. At least they give me an idea of what topics and divisions my writing will have. But I am not yet sure exactly if I have an argument. I start to write what I can under these headings and as I go I am trying to find a way of making these fit together. When I have got my first draft like this I will go back and put in bits that will show the links between the different parts. I may have to move around some material....

Using written feedback

If your assignment is returned to you, it is a very good idea to review your work at that point. You may not feel like doing this because it now feels as if it is all in the past, but it is a good way to develop and build on what you have done. If you have not managed to talk with a fellow student before, try to do so now. Read each other's assignments and compare and discuss any comments you have received. This is also useful because it is not always easy to know what a tutor means. In order...

Punctuation

When we speak we can help the listener to understand through the use of gestures, facial expressions and body language. We can also use pauses, hesitations and repetitions to add to the force of what we are saying and to make sure that the listener has understood what we are trying to communicate. When we are writing we have to use different mechanisms to do the same work. This is where punctuation comes in. It allows us to divide up our ideas into manageable chunks so that the reader...

Example A seminar paper

Roman historiography problems and preconditions What the student said about this We were given the questions for this seminar paper. We had to address these in the actual seminar presentation and then hand in our written version at the end. Extract from seminar paper 'Roman historiography problems and preconditions' Were there clear rules for writing history When do they seem to have first appeared The sources appear to imply that there was, by the time of Cicero, a generally accepted way of...

Reading as part of writing

Approaching reading Choosing your reading for an assignment Working with your reading Thinking about the different texts Reading and note taking Making mind maps from reading Keeping records Making meaning through reading Reading your own and other students' work I've done some reading but it doesn't seem to be very related to this assignment. I take copious notes from all these books and then don't really know what to do with them for my essay. Students don't seem to use the reading lists they...

Beginning with

Keywords Disadvantages of just looking for keywords Analysing the assignment I can't answer this. I don't understand the question. Students often don't answer the question that has been set. I can't answer this, I don't know anything about it. We saw in the previous chapter how you are likely to find it necessary to write in different ways for different courses during your time at university. This chapter will look at ways of developing strategies to analyse and work with your assignments,...