Activity Fortythree Checking connections and reference

Look at the extract from the student essay below. Can you pick out any connecting devices, words, topics and themes? Can you pick out any referring words? Do the same exercise on a piece of your own work.

Many arguments have been put forward suggesting that violence is an innate quality in human beings: a state of nature which cannot be avoided. Sahlins argued that violence occurs in an absence of the state to which the tribe was seen as a forerunner (Harrison 1989). In contrast, he made parallels between a state of nature and war which depended on a lack of social ties and others where violent warfare is seen as a stabilizing force on the community. However, there is evidence to suggest that this hypothesis is inaccurate. There are examples of societies whose violence is based on social ties and others where violent warfare is seen as a stabilizing force on the community. Even apparently peaceful groups such as the Buid or Inuit Eskimos experience some levels of violence in their close communities. Before any discussion of the topic it is important to realize that violence and aggression are Western concepts and in other cultures things that we may perceive as violent can be justified as acceptable, necessary or the work of spiritual powers. In contrast, other societies may see unacceptable levels of violence and aggression in activities that we see as part of everyday life.

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