The term argument I feel is used very briefly in linguistics for a very broad range. For example, each paragraph in an essay needs to be its own argument in the whole essay, which is an argument itself. Within an argument evidence from other linguists is needed, often empirical evidence or citations from other linguists is needed but both sides need to be presented.

Critically an argument must give both sides of the coin and argue for which you believe using empirical evidence. In linguistics you must be able to show the various ideas people have about certain subjects such as morphosyntax and morphology and be able to explain and critique both, arguing within the explanation for and against the ideas. Argument is a very complex idea.

The linguistics student notes the complexity of the idea of argument. At the same time, for this student both writing and building up an argument is a very systematic process with the observation that each paragraph can, in itself, be a mini argument.

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